Manufacturer Notes: American Glass Works & American Glass Works Limited

Pittsburgh Directories

1880 Leng Fred, glass blower, 84 Seventeenth, s. s.

1887 No entry
1888 No entry
1889 No entry
1890 Leng Chas, blksmith, 1906 Jane, h 121 S Nineteenth
1890 Ad
      ESTABLISHED 1876.
      CHARLES LENG,
      GENERAL GLASS HOUSE BLACKSMITHING,
      1919 MARY ST., S. S.
      Blow Pipes and Tools of all Kinds in Stock and Promptly
      Made to Order. Estimates Furnished
1890 Leng Fred, mangr, 121 S Nineteenth
1890 No entry
1891 Leng Chas, blksmith, 1919 Mary, h 1906 Jane
1891 Ad
      ESTABLISHED 1876.
      CHARLES LENG,
      General Glass House Blacksmithing,
      1919 MARY ST., S. S.
      Blow Pipes and Tools of all Kinds in Stock and Promptly
      Made to Order. Estimates Furnished
1891 Leng Fred, mangr, 121 S Nineteenth
1891 No entry
1892 Leng Chas, tool mkr, 1919 Mary, h 1906 Jane
1892 Ad
      ESTABLISHED 1876.
      CHARLES LENG,
      General Glass House Blacksmithing,
      1919 MARY ST., S. S.
      Blow Pipes and Tools of all Kinds in Stock and 
      Promptly Made to Order. Estimates Furnished.
1892 Leng C Fred, mangr, 121 S Nineteenth
1892 No entry
1893 Leng Chas, blksmth, 1917 Mary
1893 Leng Fred, glass wkr. 121 S Nineteenth
1893 No entry
1894 Leng Fred, glass wkr. 121 S Nineteenth
1894 No entry
1895 Leng Fred C, glass manfg, 121 S Ninteenth
1895 No entry
1896 Leng Fred C, glass manuf, 121 S Ninteenth
1896 No entry
1897 Lang, Fred, glass manf 121 S 19th
1897 No entry
1898 Leng Christ F, glass manuf, 121 S 19th
1898 AMERICAN GLASS CO, 54 WESTINGhouse bldg. J A Chambers, prest; E I Phillips, secy
1899 Leng Charles, glass blowers tools, 1921 Mary, h 1917 Mary
1899 Leng Christian F, glass mnfr, h 418 S Atlantic av
1899 AMERICAN GLASS CO, 54 WESTINGhouse bldg. J A Chambers, prest; E I Phillips, secy
1900 Leng Frederick C, manf, 418 S Atlantic av
1900 Leng John N, 418 S Atlantic av
1900 Leng Louis, bottle Blwr, 418 S Atlantic av
1900 Leng Wm P, glass blwr, 418 S Atlantic av
1900 No entry
1901 Leng Frederick C manf 418 S Atlantic av
1901 No entry
1902 GLASS--Flint Prescription American Glass Works Carson ext Bell Phone South 252
1903 American Glass Works Carson Bell phone South 252
1904 Leng C F broker 345 4th av 1005 Bell phone Court 2151 h 418 Atlantic av
1904 No entry
1905 Leng C Fred mngr 345 5th av 1005 Bell phone Court 2151 h 418 Atlantic av
1905 American Glass Works 345 4th av 1005
1906 No entry

New York City Directories

1908 Leng Christian F broker 42 Bway R 1614 h 478 Centl pk W
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1880 Baldwin Township Census

59 72 Miller John H.     W M  32               Grocer                         Penna
               ----- Elnor        W F   30 Wife      Keeping House          Penna
           Albraugh Alice    W F  16               Domestic Servant      Penna


1900 Pittsburgh Census Ward 20

418 Atlantic Ave
207 224 Leng, John Martin   Head         W M Oct  1828 71 M 40         Germany        1865 35 NA Retired
                   ------ Barbara        Wife           W F Apl   1836 64 M 40 9 7 Germany         1865 35
                   ------ Emma           Daughter   W F Dec 1870 29 S              Pennsylvania
                   ------ Fred C          Son            W M Apl   1858 42 S             Pennsylvania                       Glass manufacturer
                   ------ William         Son             W M Aug 1868 31 S             Pennsylvania                       Glass Blower

1900 Baldwin Township Census

4 5 Miller John H.        Head           W M  Feb 1848 52   M 27            Pennsylvania       Grocer
         ---- Eleanor J.     Wife             W F  Nov  1849 50   M 27 0 0     Pennsylvania 
        Griffith David       Bro in law    W M  Aug 1843 56   S                 Pennsylvania        Collector
        Beckes Maris     Servant         W F  Feb 1877 23   S                 Pennsylvania        Servant

1910 New York Manhattan Ward 12

4801 Central Park West
15 224 Leng Christian F        Head    M W  53 M     5             Pennsylvania             Broker Bonds
               ------ Charlotte W      Wife      F W  41 M      5 2 2      Pennsylvania             None
               ------ Fritz                   Son       M W    3 S                     New York                   None
               ------ Jerome H          Son      M W    1 S                     New York                    None
              Moreland Elizabeth   Servant F BL 65 Wd       1 1     United States            Nurse Private Family

1910 Pittsburg Census Ward 8

409 Atlantic Ave
57 57 Miller John H         Head   M  W 62    M-1 37          Pennsylvania     Own Income
             ---- Elenor            Wife     F  W 60    M-1  37 0 0   Pennsylvania     None
           Dermer Miranda  Sister    F W 54    Wd                 Pennsylvania     None
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Patents

411,043 09/17/1889 Method of Forming the Necks of Fruit-Jars Christian F. Leng and Charles Leng
423,482 03/18/1890 Bottle-Finishing Machine Christian F. Leng and Charles Leng
428,214 05/20/1890 Bottle-Neck Finishing Machine Charles Leng Assignor One-Half to C. F. Lang
648,272 04/24/1900 Machine for Finishing Glassware Charles Lang Assignor of One-Half to Christian F. Leng
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Maps

1886 Hopkins Atlas of the Vicinity of the Cities Pittsburgh and Allegheny Pennsylvania, Plate 20
1896 Hopkins Pittsburgh 1896 Southern Vicinity Plate 8
1896 Hopkins Real estate plat-book of the southern vicinity of Pittsburgh, Penna., Plate 1
1905 Hopkins 1905 Southern Vicinity of Pittsburgh, Plate 3
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Redman Mills.. | Allegheny... | J. H. Miller......| 72.95 |

Official Register of the United States containing a List of Officers and Employees in the civil, Military, and 
Naval Service on the First of July, 1883, Volume II The Post-Office Department and the Postal Service
 
(Washington, Government Printing Office, 1884)


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John H. MILLER, merchant, Redman Mill, was born Feb. 26, 1848, in Westmoreland county, Pa., son of John and 
Jane B. (Hartley) Miller. John Miller was by trade a blacksmith, and was in the coal business and the 
manufacture of salt in Westmoreland county. In Allegheny county he followed merchandising, and also founded the 
Iron City docks. He was a man of good business ability, and an earnest Christian. He died in February, 1882. The 
names of his children are Morris, John H., William, Charles, Miranda. Hester and Elvira. John H. Miller was a 
blacksmith for seven years, and then engaged in mercantile business. He was one of the founders of the American 
Glass-works, limited, and is yet one of the proprietors. He married Miss Eleanor Griffith. They are both members 
of the Baptist Church, of which he is a deacon; he is a republican.

History of Allegheny County Pennsylvania (Chicago, A. Warner & Co., 1889)
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Reply of American Glass Works, of Redman Mills, Pa., manufacturers of glass bottles and jars. 

[Established February 17, 1887. Capital invested, $75,000.]

Our production since 1887 has been bottles and fruit jars, with an average output for the past seven years of about $125,000 per annum.

We have worked one month less in the two past years than in the two years previous; when operating at all we operated in full. The reason we have worked one month less in the past two years than in the two years previous was largely due to the tightness of the money market, caused by the financial panic which affected all manufacturing industries.

We are in favor of a specific duty, for the reason that an ad valorem duty is taken advantage of by unscrupulous importers, and is detrimental to our interests as manufacturers. We consider a specific duty of 1 cent per pound on all green and amber bottles fair and equitable, and about the only thing that will place us on an equal footing with the foreign manufacturer. Our reasons are as follows: With the present specific duty of 1 cent per pound we are barely able to hold our own against foreign importations. It is true the importations in our line have not been as large as those in other lines, but this is largely due to the fact that much of our goods is sold to small buyers, who order only when they are in actual need, and who have their name and registered trademark blown in their bottles and can not wait on the goods until they are made in Europe and shipped over. Plain ware, such as wines and export beer bottles, are sold as cheap in this country as they can be imported, with perhaps a 10-cent better price per gross on the American production than that of the foreign. Any reduction in duty on our line of goods will necessitate a reduction in wages.

We are unable to say precisely what reduction in cost of production would be necessary, but believe it would be 
close to the reduction made in the tariff.

The wholesale price of quart and pint exports was $4.80 per gross and $3.75 per gross, delivered as far west as  Milwaukee and as far east as New York. Other lines of goods, such as soda bottles and champagne beer bottles, 
have been bringing from 5 to 6 per cent better prices than the exports, but were bought in much smaller quantities.

Domestic competition in the past four years has been large and ruinous. Foreign competition has not affected us any more in the past four years than it did in the four years previous.

We are not producing as many goods this year as last year, owing to the general dull times and dullness in the money market.

The wages of skilled labor is as high to-day as it has been in the last fifteen years. Unskilled labor has suffered a 10 per cent reduction during the past month. This is the first reduction on any class of labor ever made by this firm.

It would be almost impossible to give you an exact estimate of the cost of living of the families of any of our skilled workmen. It depends largely on who they are, particularly as to nationality. The man of German descent as a rule is the most thrifty, and we have known some who, out of a yearly earning of $1,500 or $1,600, have saved as high as $900, which left them $600 to $700 for maintenance for themselves and families. There are others, however, who live up to every cent they make, and who at the end of a season's work have nothing to show for it.

We have no difficulty in construing the existing law in regard to importations of the class of articles we produce, and therefore have no suggestions to offer.

Voorhees, D. W.; Committee On Finance, United States Senate. Opinions of Collectors of Customs Concerning Ad Valorem and Specific Rates of Duty on Imports (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1894)
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Court Notices

The American glass works has asked for a receiver for the Lakeside Bottling company. The property has been 
placed with D. W. Nickerson for sale, and an injunction restraining such disposal is asked for.

The Chicago Tribune (Chicago, Illinois) October 13, 1894
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Name of factory or Workshop. | Location | Goods Manufactured
...........................

ALLEGHENY

American Glass Works, .......| Redmonds Mills, ...............| Bottles, ..........

Employed:
Males: 83
Females: ...
Under 21: 18
Males 13-21: 18
Females 13-21: ...

Eighth Annual Report of the Factory Inspector of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for the Year 1897 (Harrisburg, William Stanley Ray, 1898)
_______________________________________________________________________________________

FIFTEENTH INSPECTION DISTRICT.
____________
T. A. BRADLEY, Inspector.
____________
Allegheny, Pa., October31, 1898.


Name of factory or Workshop. | Location | Goods Manufactured
...........................

American Glass Works,........| Redman Mills (Pittsburg), .....| Bottles and jars, .............
American Glass Works,........| Redman Mills (Pittsburg), .....| Bottles and jars, .............
...........................

Ninth Annual Report of the Factory Inspector of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for the Year 1898 (Harrisburg, William Stanley Ray, 1899)
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