Manufacturer Notes: J. T. & A. Hamilton

Pittsburgh Directories
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HAMILTON, Albert,

Leader In Glass Industry.

  The glass-making industry was introduced into this country in the earliest period of our colonial history, workers arriving in Jamestown, Virginia, in 1608, the year after the founding of the settlement. They received little encouragement, but in 1787 the Massachusetts legislature gave to a company an exclusive privilege for fifteen years for glass-making in that colony. In 1796 the first glass works in Pittsburgh were established at the foot of Coal Hill, now Mount Washington, and the city has ever since been the center of the glass industry in the United States. Among the business men of the last generation to whom this important interest is largely indebted for its present great fame was the late Albert Hamilton, of the well-known firm of J. T. & A. Hamilton. Not only was Mr. Hamilton for a long period a power in the glass industry, but for many years he was prominently identified with the fraternal, social and religious interests of the Iron City.
  Albert Hamilton was born May 3, 1843, in Pittsburgh, and was a son of Daniel and Ruth (Telford) Hamilton. The boy received his education in the schools of his native city, and after completing his course of study entered the service of the O'Hara Glass Company. At the outbreak of the Civil War he wished to enlist, but his application was rejected by reason of his youth. On reaching the necessary age, however, he was enrolled as a member of the 193d Pennsylvania Volunteers, and served with credit for a short time prior to the close of the war.
  After the return of peace, the young soldier renewed his connection with the glass industry, remaining for some time in the service of the O'Hara Glass Company, whose factory was then situated in the Lawrenceville district. Eventually Mr. Hamilton resigned his position in order to associate himself with the W. H. Hamilton Company, which now operates a large factory in Charleroi. In 1879 Mr. Hamilton, in company with his brother, J. T. Hamilton, withdrew from the Hamilton Company and founded the firm of J. T. & A. Hamilton. A few years later the latter became interested in the New York Jobbing House, purchasing the share of C. T. Nightingale and becoming secretary and treasurer of the company which, prior to the later organization, was known as the Climax Bottle-Stopper and Supply Company. Throughout his business career Mr. Hamilton showed himself to be a man of fine natural endowments, spotless probity of character and useful influence, possessing practical common sense and ballast and the power to overcome obstacles. A sense of justice pervaded all his dealings, and his conduct toward his employees was marked by uniform kindness and consideration.
  In politics Mr. Hamilton was a Republican, but never mingled in party controversies nor sought public office. The responsibilities of business engrossed his whole attention, but did not prevent him from taking an intelligent interest in community affairs concerning which his advice was often sought. Generous in his benefactions to charity, his influence was always given to those interests •which work for the Christianizing of the race and recognize the common brotherhood of man. He belonged to Alexander Hays Post, No. 3, Grand Army of the Republic, and Pittsburgh Commandery, No. 1, Knights Templar, and was an earnest member of the Shadyside Presbyterian Church.
  The personal appearance of Mr. Hamilton was an index to his character, his countenance, bearing and manner showing him to be a man of large nature, upright, clear-headed, of strong will, inflexible purpose and sound judgment. Loyal in his attachments, he numbered his friends by the hundred.
  Mr. Hamilton married, May 1, 1873, Amelia W., daughter of Joseph and Emily E. (Robinson) McCreary, and granddaughter of Olney Robinson, of Manchester, New Hampshire, who established the first cotton mills in New Hampshire. They became the parents of the following children: 1. James W., of Pittsburgh. 2. Grace E., married James Watson Reed, of Pittsburgh. 3. Frank A., married Georgia N. Heard, daughter of George and Margaret Heard, of Pittsburgh; they have one child: George Heard Hamilton. 4. Albert G. Mrs. Hamilton, a woman of charming personality, is admirably fitted by mental endowments, thorough education and innate grace and refinement for her position as one of the potent factors of Pittsburgh society. A thinking woman, gifted with foresight and business acumen of a high order, she possesses individuality and distinction and is withal an accomplished home-maker, the charming residence in the East End, over which she presides and which is one of the social centers of the city, having ever been to her husband—a man of strong domestic tastes and affections—a refuge from the cares of business and the spot where his happiest hours were passed.
  The death of Mr. Hamilton, which occurred October 17, 1902, was a direct blow to Pittsburgh. Unostentatious in his activities, he was a man of most progressive endeavor, always seeking a channel through which the material and moral welfare of the city might be advanced. An astute business man of fine judgment and aggressive methods, he was intensely public-spirited and was unselfish in his labors for the common weal. Passing away ere he had completed his sixth decade, Mr. Hamilton was removed in the prime of life from the sphere in which he had accomplished as much as many men who round out their three score and ten. Had he lived he would have done much more, for with men of his type increase of years means enlarged powers and stronger desires for the public good. Would that Pittsburgh had more citizens like Albert Hamilton!

Jordon, John W.; Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania Biography Volume 1 (New York, Lewis Historical Publishing co., 1914)
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1880 James T. and Albert Hamilton founded a glass house on Twenty-sixth Street at the A. V. R. R., under the name J. T. and A. Hamilton. In 1916 the business was incorporated as J. T. and A. Hamilton Company. The company prospered from the beginning, and in 1887 a plant was established at Butler, while in 1902 it became necessary to open a third plant at Blairsville. At all times the most up-to-date equipment was installed, and at present the company produces immense quantities of milk jars, bottles, etc. The Hamilton family has operated the company since its founding.

Harper, Frank C.; Pittsburgh of Today Its Resources and People (New York, American Historical Society, Inc., 1931)
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Seaboard Glass Bottle Co., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1943-1947)
Knox purchased the J. T. & A. Hamilton Co. On February 1, 1943 and renamed it the Seaboard Glass Bottle Co. Knox retained J. T. Hamilton as an officer. The plant had two continuous tanks with modern forming machines. The factory was already equipped to make perfume and cosmetic bottles, as well as milk containers. Although Seaboard was a separate corporation, the entire output of the plant was sold through Knox. The company operated the factory until 1947 and tore it down (American Glass Review 1943:104-105; 1944:169-170; Oil City Derrick 1943:2; Toulouse 1971:290-291, 296, 298; 455).

Bill Lockhart, Pete Schulz, Carol Seer and Bill Lindsay; The Knox Glass Bottle Co.; Bottles and Extras May-June 2008 
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Thomas McCormick, 19, employed by J. T. & A. Hamilton (bottle factory) Pittsburgh, Pa, began at 10 years of age here, Worked 9 years straight.--boy's work all the time. No chances were given to learn the trade, although he expected and worked for it. His mother said the factory had treated the boy badly. He got discouraged and quite the job this year for a time. On trying to get back the company refused him.

Hindman, Hugh D.; Child Labor An American History (Armonk, M. E. Sharpe, Inc., 2002)
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Manufactures of Glass.

Window glass was first made in the United States in the town of Pittsburgh, in 1795, at which time James O'Hara and Major Isaac Craig established a factory here. In 1802, General O'Hara made the first flint glass. From that day to the present, Pittsburgh has been the acknowledged centre of this class of manufactures, the artisans engaged keeping abreast of the world in improvements in styles and shapes, while leading all the rest in the matter of laborsaving machinery applicable to glass making and glass working. While for some years past there has been no great growth in the number of table-ware factories in the city, the productive capacity of those operated has been greatly augmented by the introduction of better forms of melting furnaces and appliances for the more rapid manipulation of the glass. In styles of ware produced our manufacturers are little, if any, behind the most famous foreign artificers, and every season brings radical advancement in this line. In fact, we are now supplying new shapes to both France and Austria, manufacturers in those countries having placed orders with our mold-makers and glass press manufacturers for molds and presses, and have engaged a number of Pittsburgh workmen to go over and instruct them in their use. Each of the leading flint table-ware factories now keeps an artist constantly employed in devising new designs, ranging through all classes of articles produced, so that there are novelties constantly offered to the trade. There are twenty-nine factories engaged in the production of flint and lime glassware, their specialties ranging from the highest forms of ornamental and table glassware to prescription vials, including such novelties as glass cloth, feathers, etc.

Of window glass factories prosper, there are twenty-nine in operation in the city and suburbs, and one devoted to the manufacture of plate glass. The total product of these twenty-nine furnaces, with their 276 pots, has an annual value of $3,000,000. The output averages 3,400 boxes of fifty feet to each box, or 838,400 boxes of an average value exceeding $3 per box. Some of our Pittsburgh factories are making a fine article of window glass which is rapidly superseding the use of French cylinder glass in all the chief markets of the country. The Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company is having remarkable success in its specialty, and produces an article in every respect equal to the foreign plate glass. At this factory natural gas is used in all its processes, melting and annealing glass of remarkable purity and durability. Being the only Plate -Glass Company in the world using this wonderful production of nature, they are enabled, owing to its extraordinary heating power, together with its absolute freedom from sulfur and all other impurities, to produce an article which cannot be surpassed. Owing to the superior temper of glass annealed by this gas, it is not so liable to break, and consequently much more durable than that made by other processes. Experiments are also under way to test the practicability of its employment in window glass furnaces, its utility and superiority over coal in the flattening furnaces having already been demonstrated.

The manufacture of glass lamp chimneys has always occupied an .important place in the general industry in this section, Pittsburgh furnishing at least seventy-five to eighty per cent" of the chimneys used in this country, besides exporting considerable quantities to Central and South America, Mexico and Cuba, in competition with the cheap labor of Europe. For a time factories multiplied rapidly and the market was largely overstocked, but this evil has now been overcome and the trade is in a healthful condition. The number of chimneys made here is estimated at 42,500,000 per year.

In glass bottles the consumption yearly shows a marked increase, but the capacity of the local factories is equal still to the demands upon them, which call annually for about 85,000,000 bottles and vials.

Flint and Lime Glass Factories—Adams & Co. (two factories), Agnew & Co., Hulton Glass Works; Atterbury & Co., Bryce Brothers, Bryce, Higbee & Co., Homestead Glass Works; Campbell, Jones & Co., Challinor, Taylor & Co., Crescent Glass Company, Crystal Glass Works, King, Son & Co., Dithridge & Co., Fort Pitt Glass Works; Doyle & Co., George Duncan & Sons,. Evans & Co., Excelsior Flint Glass Company, C. L. Flaccus, Independent Glass. Company, Lindsay Flint Glass Company, Limited, W. H. Hamilton & Co., J. T. & A. Hamilton, Robert Liddell, Gallatin Flint Glass Works; Wm. McCully & Co., Mastodon Glass Works; George A. Macbeth & Co., McKee Brothers, O'Hara Glass Company, Limited, Pittsburgh Glass Works, Phoenix Glass Company, Richards & Hartley Flint Glass Co., Ripley & Co., Rochester Tumbler Company, Tibby Brothers.

Window Glass Factories—Abel, Smith & Co., Crystal Glass Works ; T. Campbell & Co., American Glass Works; A. & D. H. Chambers, Pittsburgh Glass Works; Cunningham & Co., Pittsburgh City Glass Works ; Ihmsen Window Glass Co., Limited, Birmingham Glass Works, Wm. McCully & Co., Empire and Sligo Glass Works; S. McKee & Co., Pennsylvania Glass Works; O'Leary, Bro. & Co., Phillips & Co., E. C. Schmertz, R. C. Schmertz & Co., Stewart, Estep & Co., Pittsburgh Union Glass Factories, George Wamhoff & Co., Thomas Wightman & Co., Penn and Eclipse Glass Works ; Wolfe, Howard & Co., Excelsior and Charleroi Glass Works.

Green and Black Bottle Glass Factories—Agnew & Brown, Glass Ball Works, Butler, Hitchcock & Co., Minnie Glass Works, A. & D. II. Chambers, Pittsburgh Glass Works; Cunninghams & Co., Pittsburgh City Glass Works; D. O. Cunningham, Ihmsen Glass Company, Limited, Wm. McCully & Co., Pittsburgh and Phoenix Glass Works ; Thomas Wightman & Co., Penn and Eclipse Glass Works, Wormser & Co.

Capital invested, $6,470,000. Hands employed, 6,652. Value of product,. $7,500,000.

KINDS OF WARE MANUFACTURED.

Pressed flint and lime table and ornamental glassware, lamps and lamp chimneys, plate glass, window glass of all sizes and strengths, demijohns, bottles, vials, flasks, druggists' ware, fruit jars, glass balls, insulators, and every description of glass.

Stained and Ornamental Glass—William Nelson, S. S. Marshall & Brother.

Capital invested, $100,000. Hands employed, 65. Value of product, $120,000.

There are fifteen firms devoted to the supply of materials and manufacture of molds, presses and other machinery pertaining to flint and lime glass manufacture, which employ an average of two hundred and twenty hands and are fitted up with all the most improved labor-saving machinery applicable to their purposes. They are gradually absorbing the business, and the day is coming when but few factories will maintain the old-fashioned ''mold shops," where every thing was done from designing and making the molds for new forms of ware, to repairing old ones. In like manner each factory formerly made its own melting pots; but now nearly all buy them from the concerns devoted to their manufacture, which ship also largely of their product to factories outside.

In the matter of glass cutting, grinding, and ornamentation generally, the trade lias shown remarkable advancement during the past three years. Foreign workmen of the highest skill have been introduced, and such improvements made by our own inventive genius for these purposes which enable our factories to produce as artistic work in point of both design and execution as is sent out from the most celebrated factories of Europe.

Chamber of Commerce; The Mercantile, Manufacturing And Mining Interests of Pittsburgh, 1884 (Pittsburgh, Wm. G. Johnston & Co., 1884)
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1860 Pennsylvania Allegheny Pittsburgh Ward 9

363 363 Luce Hamilton 44 F W Boarding House       100 Ireland
                     James T. " 19 M W Glass Blower                    Pennsylvania
                           Albert " 16 M W Graduate                                     "
                Charles Moss 24 M W Glass Blower                    Virginia
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1870 Pennsylvania Allegheny Pittsburgh Ward 12

188 213 Hamilton James T 27 M W Glass Manufacturer 10,000 4,000 Pennsylvania
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1880 Pennsylvania Allegheny Pittsburgh District 145

326 350 Hamilton James W M 35 Glass Manufr Penna

1880 Pennsylvania Allegheny Pittsburgh District 123

807 Penn Ave
39 47 Hamilton Albert W M 36                  Glass Manufacturer     PA     PA                   Ireland
                  ----- Amelia W F 30 Wife          Keeps House               PA     PA                  Mass
               ----- James W W M 6 Son           attends school             PA      PA                  PA
                  ----- Grace E W F 3 Daughter   ----                                PA      PA                  PA 
              Zier Elizabeth W F 21 Servant     domestic servt             PA     Wurttemberg Wurttemberg 
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In 1879 J. T. & A. Hamilton established a flint vial factory at Twenty-sixth A. V. R. R., under which style the works are still carried on.

Established 1879. 
Jas. T. Hamilton. Albert Hamilton. 

J. T. & A. HAMILTON, 

Manufacturers of Flint Glass 

Prescription Vials, Bottles, Flasks, &c. 

Office and Works, 

Cor. 26th and Railroad Streets, 

PITTSBURGH, PA.

1888

Thurston, George H.; Allegheny County's Hundred Years (Pittsburgh, A. A. Anderson & Son, 1888)
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Name of Factory or Workshop | Goods manufactured. | Males | Females | Under 12 | 12 to 16 | Sanitary Condition | date of Inspection | Order Given              | Compliance

............
J. T. & A. Hamilton.....................| Flint Glass Bottles.      | 220      |.........       |..........         |..........       | Good                      | March 25             | Comply with Section | Completed
............

Stewart, Thomas J.; Annual Report of the Secretary of Internal Affairs of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Part III Industrial Statistics Vol XVIII 1890 (Harrisburg, Edwin K. Meyers, 1891)
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A large stock on hand at low prices. 

FLINT GLASS BOTTLES AND FLASKS, 

Manufactured by J. T. & A. HAMILTON of Pittsburg.

Pacific Wine and Spirit Review Vol. XXVII, No. 1 (San Francisco, 1891)
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NAME OF FACTORY OR |
WORKSHOP                      | Goods manufactured. | Males | Females | Under 12 | 12 to 16 | Sanitary Condition | Date of Inspection | Order Given | Compliance

............
J. T. & A. Hamilton.            | Glass Bottles.......         | 210      |.........        |..........      | 100            | Good |                     May 31                  |                         | 
............

Stewart, Thomas J.; Annual Report of the Secretary of Internal Affairs of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Part III Industrial Statistics Vol XX 1892 (Harrisburg, Edwin K. Meyers, 1893)
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GLASS AND GLASSWARE.

Present law: 103. Green, and colored, molded or pressed, and flint, and lime glass bottles, holding more than one pint, and demijohns, and carboys (covered or uncovered), and other molded or pressed green and colored and Hint or lime bottle glassware, not specially provided for in this act, one cent per pound. Green, and colored, molded or pressed, and Hint, and lime glass bottles, and vials holding not more than one pint and not, less than one-quarter of a pint, one and one-half cents per pound; if holding less than one-fourth of a pint, fifty cents per gross.

Proposed law: 88. Plain green, and colored, molded or pressed, and flint, and lime glassware, including bottles, vials, demijohns, and carboys (covered or uncovered), whether filled or unfilled, and whether their contents bo dutiable or free, not specially provided for in this act, [thirty] forty per cent ad valorem.

No. 815.

Reply of J. T. & A. Hamilton, of Pittsburg, Pa., manufacturers of Flint

bottles. 

[Established in 1879. Capital invested, $200,000.]

We manufacture flint bottles only. Average annual production. 300,000.

We have run full time—ten mouths per year.

We do not need any protection, but want soda ash free of duty.

All further reductions in cost of manufacture must come off labor.

We made some money in 1990-'91, nothing in 1992, and will lose money this year.

Domestic competition has increased over 100 per cent in the last four years, owing to the discovery of natural gas in Indiana.

If any duty is necessary it should be specific.

We are producing about the same amount of goods as in 1892.

Wages have been stationary the last twelve months.

Our laboring men, at $1.75 per day, .seem to live as well as the skilled blowers, whose average wage would be $G per day.

Anybody can construe the present law; it is specific—so much per pound. Have no suggestions to make.

Think the price of living has decreased slightly during the last four years.

Think the change in control of the Government the main and principal cause of the general depression.

The sand, lime, fuel, and lumber are the free raw materials used in our manufactory; they are the products of our State. Soda ash, .niter, and arsenic are imported and are dutiable.

Our goods are necessities.

We pay 6 per cent on loans.

Immigration probably helps our business by making more consumers.

We employ about 50 per cent skilled labor.

deduction of duty on goods must be met by shutting down work until labor comes to the proper level.

We employ about 300 men. About 100 skilled blowers, about CO packers, laborers, etc., and about 140 boys from 12 to 20 years of age.

Our hours of labor are fifty-three per week for ten mouths in the year. Glass-blowers will not work in July and August.

Foreign articles do not enter largely into competition with flint glass.

We do not export; impossible under existing wage rates.

There has been steady increase in cost of manufacture since 18S3.

Increase has been principally in labor.

Our selling prices have decreased since 1890.

We think with free raw material there would be necessity for duty on manufactured goods.

We could not recommend any changes in the present law as applied to our business with the exception of free soda ash. With all business interests require now is a fixed policy, one that will not be changed every four or five years. We can then adapt ourselves to it and push for trade.

Voorhees, D. W.; Opinions of collectors of Customs Concerning Ad Valorem and Specific Rates of Duty on Imports (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1894)
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PITTSBURGH YARD.

 PRIVATE SIDINGS.           |                                                |LENGTH  |LENGTH   | INC.   | DEC.    | 
OWNED BY                         | Location.                               |DEC.31st,| DEC.31st|
                                              |                                                |   1894.      | 1893.       | FEET | FEET   |

J. T. & A. Hamilton..            | Bet 25th and 26th Sts.         |  402           | 402          |......      |......        |

White, Stephen W.; Third Annual Report of the Allegheny Valley Railway Company, for the Year 1894. (Philadelphia, Allen, Lane & Scott's Printing House, 1895)
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Name of Factory or Workshop | Location             | Goods Manufactured | Number of Inspections

Hamilton, J. T. & H.,....................|Pittsburg,............| Glass bottles..............| 1 
Hamilton, W. H. & Co.,...............|Twentieth street..| Glass bottles..............| 1 
,
Campbell, James; Seventh Annual Report of the Factory Inspector of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania for the Year 1896 (Harrisburg, Clarence M. Busch, 1897)
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Number of inspection report | Name of Factory or Workshop | Location                  | Goods Manufactured |

110                                           |Hamilton, J. T. & H. ...................|26th st & A. V. R. R.| Flint glass bottles........|

Campbell, James; Tenth Annual Report of the Factory Inspector of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania for the Year 1899 (Harrisburg, Wm. Stanley Ray, 1900)
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Number of inspection report | Name of Factory or Workshop | Location | Goods Manufactured |

83                                            |Hamilton, J. T. & H., No. 1...........|Butler,.....| Glass bottles...............|
84                                            |Hamilton, J. T. & H., No. 2...........|Butler,.....| Glass bottles...............|
,
Campbell, James; Eleventh Annual Report of the Factory Inspector of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania for the Year 1900 (Harrisburg, Wm. Stanley Ray, 1901)
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Number of inspection report | Name of Factory or Workshop | Location                  | Goods Manufactured |

110                                          |Hamilton, J. T. & H. ....................|26th st & A. V. R. R.| Flint glass bottles.......|

Campbell, James; Tenth Annual Report of the Factory Inspector of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania for the Year 1899 (Harrisburg, Wm. Stanley Ray, 1900)
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1900 Pennsylvania Allegheny Pittsburgh Ward 20

400 South Highland Ave
39 39 Hamilton Albert      Head         W M May 1846 54 M 27        Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Ireland        
                                                                   Mfgr Glass
                ---- Amelia W      Wife         W F Feb  1846 54 M 27 4 4 Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Massachusetts
                ---- James W      Son           W M Apr  1874 26 S             Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 
                                                                  Manager Glass Wks
                ---- Grace E        Daughter   W F June 1877 22 S            Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 
                ---- Frank A         Son            W M Dec 1880 19 S            Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 
                                                                  At School
                ---- Albert G.       Son            W M Dec  1880 19 S            Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 
                                                                  At School
           Mooney Bridget E. Servant      W F July   1864 35 S            Ireland Ireland Ireland                                  1873 27 
                                                                  Servant
           Laughlin Isabella Servant          W F Apr   1860 40 S            Ireland Ireland Ireland                                  1881 18 
                                                                  Servant

5415 Fifth Ave
234 232 Hamilton James T  Head        W M May 1845 55 M 2         Pennsylvania Pennsylvania England 
                                                                  Mfgr Glass
                   ---- Eva                 Wife         W F Dec  1865 34 M 2 1 1   Illinois Massachusetts Ohio
                   ---- Vera A            Daughter W F Sept 1885 14 S            California Pennsylvania Illinois 
                                                                  At School
               Wise Elizabeth A    Servant     W F July 1878 21 S              Germany Germany Germany 1894 6 
                                                                  Housemaid
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Number of inspection report | Name of Factory or Workshop | Location                     | Goods Manufactured |

326                                           |Hamilton, J. T. & H. ...................|26th & Smallman st....| Glass bottles..............|

Campbell, James; Thirteenth Annual Report of the Factory Inspector of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for the Year 1902 (Harrisburg, Wm. Stanley Ray, 1903)
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BOTTLE MANUFACTURER MURDERED.

Suicide of the Murderer—Triple Killing;,

A triple tragedy occurred in this city on October 17 In which a prominent glass bottle manufacturer and two others lost their lives. Albert Hamilton, president of the J. T. & A. Hamilton Company, of Pittsburg, glass manufacturers, and William J. Mallard, jr., secretary of the Climax Bottle Mfg. Company, of 37 Murray street, were shot and killed by William C. Turner, ex-president of the Climax Bottle Company, In the office of Cantor, McIntyre & Adams* in the Broad Exchange Building on that date. Turner after shooting the other two men ended his own life by putting a bullet through his brain.

The tragedy happened during a conference at which Turner was to pay his victims $2,700 for an alleged shortage in his accounts while acting as president of the Climax Bottle Mfg. Company.

Mr. Hamilton was one of the oldest and best known glass manufacturers in Pittsburg, where he was born In 1843. Before forming with his brother the J. T. & A. Hamilton Company In 1879 he had charge of a glass bottle factory of the W. H. Hamilton Company.

Mayo, Caswell A.; American Druggist And Pharmaceutical Record Volume XLI July to December, 1902 (New York. American Druggist Publishing Co., 1902)
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Receipts for the month of December, 1906

J. T. & A. Hamilton................................ 150 00

Berry, Wm. H.; Annual Report of the State Treasurer on the Finances of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania For the Year Ending November 30, 1907 (Harrisburg, Harrisburg Publishing Co., 1908)
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1910 Pennsylvania Allegheny Pittsburgh Ward 7

5415 Fifth Ave
228 248 Hamilton James T Head        M W 71 M1 12       Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 
                                                   Manufacturer Glass
                 ---- Eva F               Wife         F W 44 M2 12 2 2 Illinois               Ohio               Ohio 
                                                    None
                ---- Vera A              Daughter F W 24 S               California          California        Illinois
                                                   None
                ---- Telford              Son          M W 9 S                 Pennsylvania    Pennsylvania   Illinois 
                                                   None
              McGrath Margaret  Servant     F W 35 S              Ire-England        Ire-England      Ire-England 1895 
                                                  Servant House
              Obrian Mary            Servant     F W 24 S               Ire-England        Ire-England      Ire-England 1902 
                                                  Servant House
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BOTTLES, BEER.
Cunningham, D. O. Glass co.
Rochester Tumbler Works.
Tibby Bros. Glass Co.
Hamilton, J. T. & A.

BOTTLES, DRUGGISTS'.
Crescent Bottle Co.
Flaccus. C. L. Glass Co.
Hamilton, J. T. & A.
Jeannette Glass Co.
Merriman, J. & Co.
Fidelity Glass Co.
Hazel Atlas Glass Co.
Tibby Bros. Glass Co. 
Wormser Glass Co. 

BOTTLES MILK
Hamilton, J. T. & A.

BOTTLES, PRESCRIPTION.
Crescent Bottle Co.
Flaccus, C. L. Glass Co.
Hamilton, J. T. & A.
Hazel Atlas Glass Co.
Jeannette Glass Co. 
Merriman, J. & Co. 
Fidelity Glass Co. 
Tibby Bros. Glass Co.
Wormser Glass Co. 

BOTTLES, WATER.
Hamilton, J. T. & A.
Rochester Tumbler Works.
United States Glass Co. 

Pittsburgh Commodity Index 1913 (Pittsburgh, Wm. G. Johnston & Co., 1913)
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J. T. & A. HAMILTON COMPANY—Pittsburgh, Pa., December 11. 1916. Capital $190,000. Manufacturing, buying and selling and dealing in glass bottles, vials, jars and like articles of every kind and description composed wholly of glass or partly of glass and other materials.

Alphabetic List of Charters of Corporations (Harrisburg, Wm. Stanley Ray, 1915)
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Trade Mark 102,404 Feb 15, 1915; Reissued Feb 15, 1935

Ser. No 66,215 (Class 33. Glassware) J. T. & A. Hamilton, Pittsburgh, Pa. Filed Oct. 9, 1912

(H in triangle)

Particular description of goods --Glass Bottles
claims use since Jan. 1, 1900
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Receipts for the month of December, 1916

J. T. & A. Hamilton Co.,..................... 633 34

Kephart, Harmon M.; Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Annual Report of the State Treasurer on the Finances of the commonwealth For the Fiscal Year Ending November 30, 1917 (Harrisburg, J. L. L. Kuhn, 1918)
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J. T. & A. Hamilton Company, Twenty-sixth street and A. V. R. R., Pittsburgh, Pa. Flint glass prescription and panel bottles, milk bottles, wine and liquor bottles, beer and water bottles.

American Trade Index 1917-1918 (New York, National Association of Manufacturers, 1917)
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Receipts for the month of June, 1919.

J. T. & A. Hamilton Co., 1918.................. 100 13

Kephart, Harmon M.; Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Annual Report of the State Treasurer on the Finances of the Commonwealth For the Fiscal Year Ending November 30, 1919 (Harrisburg, J. L. L. Kuhn, 1920)
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                                                                                                                                   |    Under 16 yrs    |
Name                      | Address             | Product or business | Males | Females | Males | Females | Office Force | Total Number
............
J. T. & A. Hamilton.| 26th & R R Sts. | Glass Bottles.............| 170      |..................| 10      |.................|         8            | 170
............

Third Industrial Directory of Pennsylvania 1919 (Harrisburg, J. L. L. Kuhn, 1920)
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THATCHER MFG. CO. 10-Year Conv. S. F. 7s. Due April 1, 1930.

Dated April 1. 1920. Interest payable Apr. 1 and Oct. 1, at Guaranty Trust Co., New York.

Tax Status—2% Federal Income Tax paid by the company without deduction. Pennsylvania State Tax refunded.

Authorized 2,000,000

Outstanding 2,000,000

Purpose of Issue—Proceeds from the sale of these bonds will be used to complete the company' s purchase of the property of Travis Glass Co., Lockport Glass Co.. Essex Glass Co., the common stock of Woodbury Glass Co., and the milk bottle business of J. T. & A. Hamilton Glass Co. and to provide additional working capital for its rapidly growing business.

Denomination—Coupon, $I,000, $500 and $100; registerable as to principal.

Redeemable at any interest date on 60 days' notice at 105 and interest.

Stock Purchase Warrants—The bonds will carry detachable warrants entitling the holder to purchase common stock at $40 per share, at the rate of 25 shares of common stock for each $1,000 par value of bonds, at any time prior to and including Apr. 1, 1922.

Convertible after Apr. 1, 1922. and until maturity into 8% Cumulative Preferred stork of the company, par for par, or when accompanied by warrants into Common stock at $40 a share at any time after Apr. 1, 1922, and to an including Apr. 1, 1925, and thereafter at $50 a share, or in each case until their earlier redemption, with adjustment of interest and dividends in respect to preferred stock to date of conversion.

Sinking Fund—Annually amounts as follows: $50,000 the first year, $100,000 for each of the five years thereafter and $150,000 per annum thereafter until maturity, less the principal amount of any bonds converted during the year. This fund is to be applied to the purchase and redemption of bonds at not over 105 and interest.

Organization—Incorporated in 1889, to manufacture milk bottle caps and dairy supplies, and In 190 5 began the manufacture of milk bottles. The company's principal plants are located as follows: Kane. Pa., capacity 7,500.000 milk bottles annually: Streator, III., capacity 20,000,000 bottles annually: Elmira, N. Y., capacity 30,000.000 bottles' annually.

During1 this period, the company became the first licensee for the automatic battle machine made by the Owens Bottle Machine Co.. and holds the exclusive rights to make milk bottles

on this machine, with the right to have all improvements at any time made to this machine arid the exclusive right to use any new machine at any time owned or acquired by the Owens Bottle Machine Co.

With the proceeds of this issue of bonds, the Thatcher Company will acquire the property of the Travis Glass Co. with plants located at Clarksburg and Cedar Grove, W. Va. ; the property of the Essex Glass Co, with plants located at Mt. Vernon, Ohio, Parkersburg, W. Va., and Dunkirk, N. Y, ; the property of the Lockport Glass Co. with plants located at Lockport, N. Y. : and the milk bottle business and Hartford-Fairmont machine and license of J. T. & A. Hamilton Co. located at Pittsburgh. Pa. : and also all of the common stock of the Woodbury Glass Co. located at Winchester, Ind. Through these purchases the Thatcher Company will acquire the exclusive right to make milk bottles on the Hartford Fairmont machines, another automatic process.

Thatcher Mfg. Co. will have the exclusive right to make milk bottles by the only successful automatic bottle machines devised and will manufacture and sell about 90% of all the milk bottles manufactured In the United States.

Capitalization. Outstanding.

Common (no par) 80,000 she.

Pref. (8% cum.) $250.000

Funded debt 2.112.000

Secured by a mortgage on all the property of the company and upon the common stock of the Woodbury Glass Co., subject to the Hen of $112,(?? bond* on a portion of the property of the company. The various plants thus covered by the lien of this mortgage were valued as of Dec. 31, 1919. at $3.162,119. The value of the common stock of the Woodbury Glass Co. represents a cash Investment of $600.000.

The Fitch Bond Book (New York, Fitch Publishing Co., 1921)
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GLASS BLOWERS PLAN
VOTE ON STRIKE ISSUE

PITTSBURGH. June 2 --(UP)-- Striking glass workers who produce 90 per cent of the Pittsburgh District's milk bottles will be told tonight by their International union to end their outlaw strike against J. T. & A. Hamilton Co.
Lee W. Minto, International secretary of the AFL glass bottle blowers association, said the ultimatum would be served on the strikers at a meeting tonight.
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PITTSBURGH, June 2 --(UP)-- Striking glass workers who produce 90 per cent of the Pittsburgh District's milk bottles vote tonight on proposals to end their three-day strike against J. T. & A. Hamilton Co.
At a conference with strike leaders yesterday federal Labor Conciliator Charles R. Ward advanced the undisclosed proposals which will be submitted to ballot by Local 54 of the AFL Glass Blowers Association.
The walkout was staged last Saturday by the local which demanded a 10-cents-an-hour increase, although their contract does not expire until Jan. 1 1943. About 250 glass workers were made idle.

The Charleroi Mail (Charleroi, Pennsylvania) June 2, 1942
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