Manufacturer Notes: Reed & Company

1880 New York Census, Clyde, District 175

77 81 Hovey Jacob C W M 49 Landlord
............
Reed David W M 39 Boarder Glass Blower New Jersey

150 159 Reed Charles W. W M 64 Glass Manufacturer

472 513 Van Valkenburgh David A. W M 52 Hotel Keeper
............
Reed Joseph S. W M 59 Boarder Glass Blower

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The Massillon Glass Works shipped their first car load of hollow ware to-day. The establishment is now in such excellent running order that similar shipments will soon be a common occurrence,

The Ohio Democrat (New Philadelphia, Ohio) December 8, 1881
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YEARS AND INDUSTRIES | LOCALITY. | CAUSE OR OBJECT

1884.
......

3995|Blowers, bottle-glass works..| Massillon......|A giant reduction of wages

Wright, Carroll D.; Third Annual Report of the Commissioner of Labor, 1887. Strikes and Lockouts (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1888)
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Reed & Co. made 583,632 bottles and fruit jars in the month of December, 1887, and expect to beat this record during the year.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) January 13, 1888
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Mr. David Reed, of the Massillon Hollow-ware Glass company, left Wednesday morning for Washington, D. C., to attend the meeting of the Bottle and Phial Association, composed of manufacturers.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) January 20, 1888
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FUEL GAS.
_____
WE MUST HAVE IT
_____
It is now Beyond the Experimental
Stage.

Some papers are born with idiocy. some acquire idiocy, and some have idiocy thrust upon them. Whether the paper that argues that Massillon should wait until a dozen other live towns have demonstrated that fuel gas can be made a success, is included in the second or third class, or both, is, of course, a question. When a company, at the head of which is George Washington, jr., guarantees to accomplish a thing, there is no financial danger in store for those who accept his word.
Fuel gas is beyond the experimental stage....................................
Mr. David Reed of the Massillon Glass Company, said last night. "We are paying out $1,000 a month for coal. Other glass works get natural gas free. Fuel gas we must have or go." language like that is not to be mistaken. The time is past for nonsensical carping.......

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) March 9, 1888
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Mrs. David Reed, and Mr. and Mrs. Wm, Reed and family left Wednesday intending to spend a part of the summer at Millville, New Jersey.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) July 13, 1888
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David Reed is spending a two weeks' vacation at Millville, N. J.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) August 17, 1888
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Mr. David Reed has returned from a two weeks' vacation in New Jersey, accompanied by Mrs. Reed, who spent a greater part of the summer at Millville.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) August 31, 1888
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Mr. and Mrs. G. R. Bacon, of Clyde, N. Y., are the guests of Mr. and Mrs. David Reed.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) September 21, 1888
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That air of abstraction and pleasant anticipation which for sometime has characterized Mr. Joseph Grapewine, the well known foreman of Reed & co.'s No. 2 factory, is at last explained. There was a very pleasant wedding at the Empire Hotel, on Railroad street, Friday afternoon at 4 o'clock, in which he figured as room and Miss Helen McConnell as bride......

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) November 9, 1888
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David Reed says that Reed & Co. who operate two factories, have been running to their fullest capability during the 10 months of the past year, which compose the season. Forty thousand gross of bottles were sent out from their works in 1888--about 28,000 bottles a day. The amount of wind expended in producing this number of bottles is not easily estimated. One-hundred and seventy-three men and boys are employed by this firm, and altogether received over $2,000 per week, as compensated for their services.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) January 4, 1889
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Reed & Co. (Joseph S. Reed; David Reed), proprs. Massillon Glass Works; manufacturers beer, mineral, soda, pop and wine bottles, flasks, fruit jars, etc., office and works Canal, on P., Ft. W. & C. Ry.
Reed, David (Reed & Co.) boards Hotel Conrad
Reed, Joseph S. (Reed & co.)

1889 Canton, Ohio Directory
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Reed & Co., will probably start their No. 2 glass factory about the 1st of October,

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) September 13, 1889
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Manufacturers and Employees.--The Massillon Bridge Co., 94 hands;.......Massillon Glass Works, 201;..........--State Report, 1888

Howe, Henry; Historical Collections of Ohio (Columbus, Henry Howe & Son, 1889)
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638 | Massillon Glass Co................. | Canal street

Annual Reports For 1889 (Columbus, Westbote Company, 1890)
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Reed & Co. (Joseph S. Reed; David Reed), proprs. Massillon Glass Works; manufacturers beer, mineral, soda, pop and wine bottles, flasks, fruit jars, etc., office and works Canal, on P., Ft. W. & C. Ry.
Reed, David, hollowware boards Hotel Conrad
Reed, Joseph S. (Reed & co.)

1890 Canton, Ohio Directory
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638 | Massillon Glass Co................. | Canal street

638 |Massillon Glass Co."Keep a record-of all minors in your employ under the age of eighteen years, as required by section 6986aa of the Revised Statutes; please furnish this department with a list of all minors in your employ at an early date | Complied

Annual Reports For 1890 (Columbus, Westbote Company, 1891)
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Name of firm Location Business or kind of manufacturing Males Females Minors How often are employees paid? For charges ordered refer to corresponding number following Table VI.

Reed & Co...................S. Canal St............Glassware| 506|......| 56| Weekly | No order

Slack, E. M.; Tenth Annual Report of the Department of Inspection for the Year 1893 (Norwalk, Laning Ptg. Co., 1894)
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MASSILLON, O., Aug. 31.--Reed & Co., green glass manufacturers deny the report that work will be resumed for the fall fire on September 1. Pending a national settlement of the wage dispute. They say that the factories will continue idle until a scale is agreed upon. They do not anticipate such an issue before October 1.

Sandusky Register (Sandusky, Ohio) September 1, 1894
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Reed & Company, Glass Works.

The pot furnace alone is in operation and sixty men and boys are working. Our business in 1893 was much better than it has been during the year past. Heretofore orders for winter and spring works have been in by September and October. The dealers are now holding back until the first of the year. This gives us no opportunity to estimate the amount of business for 1895. During the past year our plant has been improved. We also erected a new ware ware shed and a pot house, constructed of brick and iron.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) January 3, 1895
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John Shroader, a resident of Canal street, was injured by a flying fragment of glass while at work at Reed & co's works, Monday morning. The glass struck his hand fracturing two of the knuckle bones and lacerating the surrounding tissues to a considerable extent. Dr. Jones dressed the member and is of the opinion that it will soon heal up.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) March 28, 1895
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The statement in Monday's INDEPENDENT about the closing of the season at the glass works, might be misconstrued by some as meaning that Reed & Co. were obligated to await the final disposition of the product before being able to settle with the men. It ought to be explained that the glassblowers receive a fixed amount per week, during the season, at the end of which they receive whatever balance is due them. This is a custom of long standing. Reed & Co. will settle in full just as soon as the ware now in the ovens is removed, counted and packed. There is never any delay by that firm, in closing accounts.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) July 4, 1895
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The Massillon glass works will probably begin operations on November 1.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) September 26, 1895
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Glass Works to Start Up.

Reed & Co.s glass works will be in operation by November 15. The men employed at the pot furnace will not resume work for the present.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) October 31, 1895
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REED & Company

During the past year the business of the firm about equal that of 1896. Since 1892 the plant has not been operational an entire season, ten months, but during the seven months in 1897 there were 51,000 gross of bottles made. The capacity of the factories is 75,000 gross. A considerable delay was experienced in getting the plant started last fall, but the company hopes to continue work until the season ends. There is now a movement among bottle manufacturers to curtail the production, therefore, operations may cease earlier than usual.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) January 3, 1898
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REED & COMPANY BUSY.
___________
Throughout the Season the Plant will be Operated.

Reed & Company's plant will be operated throughout the season, which closes about July 1. David Reed states today that a sufficient number of orders had been received to furnish employment to the present force, about 200 men and boys, until the time specified. Reed & company contemplate making some improvements at the close of the present fire, and most essential will be the replacing of the day tanks now in use in one factory by the continuous tank system.
This will necessitate the employment of an additional force of blowers and assistants. The output this year will probably exceed that of last, 51,000 gross of bottles, the largest in the history of the corporation.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) February 7, 1898
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TEN MILLION BOTTLES.
______
The Output at Reed & Company's Glass Works.
The season for Reed & company's glass plant is about over. The day tank factory, in which about seventy men and boys are employed, will close for the summer today, but the continuous tank house will finish the month. In all about two hundred men and boys are employed by the firm, who will be idle until the next fire begins probably the later part of September. The output of the plant this year will be the largest ever made, aggregating more than 70,000 gross of bottles, nearly 20,000 gross more than were blown last year.
David Reed stated this morning that every bottle would be required to fill the orders on hand and more could be sold if they were available. Last month thirty cars of bottles were shipped from the works and the shipments for June will amount to forty-five cars. During the summer months Mr. Reed expects to improve the plant by replacing the day tanks with continuous tanks and this work will begin on Monday. The additional facilities thus provided will increase the capacity of the plant about one-fourth and will necessitate the employment of another force of blowers and helpers. Many of the blowers reside in the East and will spend their vacation at home. Jacob Rown and John Kelcher will depart for New Jersey Monday and W. D. Jacobs will return to Hawley, Pa., on Wednesday.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) June 27, 1898
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Reed & Company's flint glass factory closed for the season today and the entire plant in now in idleness. The two hundred men and boys employed by the company have worked without delay since the beginning of the fire in October and work will be resumed some time during that month this fall.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) June 30, 1898
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.......Carriages bearing Mayor Wise and the speakers, the Rev. G. B. Smith and M. D. Smith and M. D. Ratchford, and Messrs. David and Joseph Reed, J. B. Wert and Lawrence Stoehr were next in line. The carriages were followed by Reed & co.'s employees............

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) June 30, 1898
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A MAMMOTH OUTPUT.
______
Seven Million Bottles Blown at
Reed & Company's Plant.
______
THE CAPACITY TO BE INCREASED.
______
Improvements Now Under Way and Pro-
gressing Rapidly--Additional blowers to
be Employed Next Season-Continuous
Tanks to Replace the old Ones.

During the last fire at Reed & company's glass works, which lasted from the latter part of October until July 1, in round figures 50,000 gross or 7,200,000 bottles were manufactured. Sixty blowers were employed in the plant, who averaged 120,000 bottles during the eight months of work. But for the defective furnaces in the day factory the output would have reached 70,000 gross. In spite of the handicap, however, the orders were filled, but the additional 20,000 gross could have easily been disposed of. Continuous tanks are now being replaced in the factory, and other improvements are in progress which will increase the capacity to probably 100,000 gross.
The company anticipates a largely increase in business next season, and agents are now on the road soliciting orders, and until their routes have been canvassed it cannot be accurately stated when the next fires will begin, but David Reed stated today that a resumption would not take place later than October. The improvements now under way when completed will enable the company to increase the force of blowers about 25 per cent, also giving employment to about double that number of helpers. Both factories will be operated night nad day during the next season if the orders expected can be secured Reed & Company's are are greatly in demand throughout the United States, being used by Pabst, Schlitz, Finlay and many other large breweries and bottlers of mineral water, and no doubt the expectations of the firm will be realized.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) August 8, 1898
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BOTTLES FOR MEXICO.
_____________
Reed & Company Makes the Shipment
Today.

Lawrence Stoehr, agent for Reed & Company, of Massillon, who is making his first trip through Mexico, telegraphed the firm to ship five cars of bottles to a brewer firm, in Chihuahua at once. The shipment includes 1,200 gross of bottles and was made this afternoon. The Chihuahua firm consumes three thousand gross of bottles annually.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) August 22, 1898
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PREPARING TO RESUME
______
Fires to be lighted at Reed &
Co.'s Plant
______
MR. STOEHR HAS LEFT MEXICO.
______
One of the Tank Furnaces will be in Operation Before the Middle of next Month, Which will be Above Five Weeks Earlier Than was Expected.

Lawrence S. Stoehr, who has been making a tour of Mexico in the interest of Reed & Company, manufacturers of glassware, will arrive in Massillon the later part of this week. Mr. Stoehr's trip was one of the most successful that he has ever made. During the short time he was gone, he succeeded in securing orders for 17,000 gross of bottles in a field where the American made bottle was never seen and but seldom heard of. Ware manufactured in Germany was in use almost exclusively, and at one time it was thought to be impossible for the industries of the United States to compete with the people across the water.
But Mr. Stoehr has proved to the Mexicans that in Massillon there is a concern that can make a better bottle for less money than any German manufactory. certain concessions made by railway companies in their freight rates have proved of value to Reed & Company, as in years gone by the enormous sum that it cost to ship a consignment of bottles to Mexico was a barrier that few thought could ever be overcome. If all of the bottles that Mr. Stoehr has sold were to be shipped at one time, they would require a train of eighthly cars. Five carloads have already been sent, as was stated in THE INDEPENDENT some time ago, and all were certain that everything possible had been done in Mexico. Nobody was prepared for the order that called for seventy-five additional carloads.
In consequence of the success of Mr. Stoehr, Reed & Company are now pushing the repairs at the works with all possible speed, and will resume operations just as soon as the work is completed, which will not be later than the middle of next month. A few weeks ago it was not thought that the bottle blowing would be commenced until sometime in October. In the "old" tank, there are now 100 tons of amber glass. This is being removed. The process is almost like quarrying, as the glass is cold and it is as hard as flint. The amber is to be replaced by green glass. The fire in this furnace will be lighted the latter par of this week. About three weeks will be required to heat the glass properly, and at the expiration of that time bottle making will begin. The repairs of the other tank will not be completed in time to allow it to be put in operation with the other. many glassblowers had arranged for vacations far into October, but today's news will necessitate a change in their plans.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) August 25, 1898
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GLASS BLOWERS RETURNING
______
Reed & Co.'s Employees to Resume Work September 15th.

Reed & Company have notified the blowers employed in the big tank factory to report on September 15th, when work will be resumed. The gas has already been turned into the furnace and all will be in readiness by the date mentioned. W. D. Jacobs and John Kelcher will arrive from Hawley, Pa., on Tuesday of next week, and J. A. Smith, Jacob Rown and Charles Alcorn will return from New Jersey about the same time. A resumption in the smaller factory will take place as soon as the repairs now under way have been completed, so the entire plant will probably be in operation before October 1.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) September 5, 1898
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WILL BEGIN WORK MONDAY.
___________
A Resumption at Reed & Company's Glass
Plant.

Work will be resumed in the largest of Reed & Company's glass factories on Monday of next week, instead of Thursday, as at first intended. For a short time the day shift only will be employed, but eventually the resumption will be general. The company is anxious to supply the eighty cars of bottles sold in Mexico as soon as possible, and shipments will be made from day to day as the ware is finished. David Reed stated this morning, that factory No. 2 would be put in operation as soon as the repairs now under way were completed, which will not be later than the middle of next month.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) September 12, 1898
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ORDINANCE AMENDED.
______
Result of the conference Held
Thursday Night.
______
AN ADDITIONAL GLASS FACTORY.
______
Reed & Company Will Build One, Provid-
ing Natural Gas is Admitted to Massillon
-Citizens Generally Favor Granting the
Franchise.

The council as a whole...........The admittance of the company's pipe line is almost universally favored here, the manufacturers especially being interested. It is yet a question whether or not gas will be cheaper than coal for fuel, but it is certainly more desirable, Reed & Co. are very desirous of securing gas, and David Reed started today that providing the gas company was permitted to supply Massillon an additional glass factory would be erected by his company. This will furnish employment to a force of over fifty men and boys and will increase the company's output about 25 per cent.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) September 19, 1898
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...Reed & Co. have agreed to erect another furnace which will employ twice that number of men......

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) October 3, 1898
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REED & COMPANY'S BOOM.
_______
Entire Plant to be Operated by the Middle
of October.

Reed & Company's entire plant will be in operation by the middle of October. Both glass factories will run night and day, thus giving employment to a force of 250 persons. David Reed, who is responsible for the above statement, said that there are now a sufficient number of orders on hand to operate the plant until the end of the season. There are at present less than a hundred employed at the plant. During the past summer the capacity of the plant was increased 25 per cent, thus necessitating the employment of an additional force of blowers and helpers.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) October 3, 1898
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GLASS WORKERS RESUME
More Men Taken on at Reed & Company's
Plant.

Thirty-six glassblowers and in all about one hundred men and boys began work at Reed & Co.'s plant this morning. Both factories are now in operation, but the full force of approximately two hundred and fifty persons will not be employed until October 17. Work will then continue without delay until the close of the season, the later part of June. The earnings of the blowers at Reed & Co's plant average not less than six dollars daily. Of this sum they receive twenty dollars market money each Monday and the bulk of their earnings is retained until the close of the fire. this provides the men with an ample sum to bridge over the idle months, for work usually does not begin before October 1.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) October 6, 1898
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BEGAN THIS MORNING.
____________
Reed & Company's Entire Plant now in Operation.

Work was resumed in full at Reed & company's plant Monday, a force of 18 blowers and the required number of helpers were added to the force which has been engaged for the past few weeks. A total number of 72 blowers are at work, which does not include the four spare blowers, and the list of names on the payroll will now approach 250. Work continues without delay until the season closes in June. There is an unusual demand for Reed 7 Company's ware and Mr. Reed may find it necessary to erect another furnace in order to cope the orders.
Among the blowers now engaged the following arrived in the city during the past few days: John Harvey and two others from Montreal, can.; W. H. Albertson and Cornelius Ramsey, New Jersey, Cornelius Wilson, Rochester, N. Y.; Howell Frampis, Steeter, Ill.; John and Charles Wescoat and George Burkhart, Salem, N. J.; Adam Knight, Wenoah, N. J.; J. M. Holson, Joseph McKeen and Clement Tweed, Steeter. Ill; Gus Opel, New Jersey, and William Smith, Clayton, N. J.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) October 20, 1898
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J. B. WERT HONORED.
Presented with a cane by the Glass Workers
of Massillon.

J. B. WERT, formally bookkeeper for Reed & Co., of this city, was summoned before the local branch of the Green Glass Bottle Blowers' Association during the Sunday afternoon session and presented with a handsome gold headed cane. L. J. Kerrigan, president of the branch, made the presentation speech, and Mr. Wert responded, expressing the deepest gratitude. Mr. Wert recently resigned, greatly to the regret of the company after having faithfully performed the duties of the office he held since July 14, 1885. He is held in the highest esteem by the company's employees and his departure is sincerely regretted. At the close of the presentation exercises Messrs. John Gow, William Sailer and James Grant were appointed as a press committee.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) October 27, 1898
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FIFTY-ONE CARS OF BOTTLES.
The largest Shipment Ever Made by Reed
& Co.

Fifty-one cars of bottles were shipped from Reed & Co.'s glass factory during the month of October. The shipment is the largest made in any month in the history of the plant, and a number of the cars are consigned to Mexico. The output this year will also exceed all previous records, and the firm may find it necessary to erect another furnace to supply the demands. Reed & Co's are has established a reputation for the company throughout the United States and is fast gaining a foothold in Mexico. This is the first year, however, that Mexican trade has been solicited, and in order to cope with the increased demand resulting from the extension of territory, the capacity of the plant was enlarged 25 per cent. during the past summer.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) November 7, 1898
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ANOTHER GLASS FACTORY.
Reed & Company Will Have One in Opera-
tion in the Near Future.

Reed & company, of this city, have decided to build another furnace, as it is necessary to increase the capacity of the plant to fill the orders which are pouring in from every direction. this furnace will be located in the building formerly used as a packing house, and will employ three shops or nine additional blowers and their helpers in all about forty persons. An Eastern expert, which will prepare drawings for the furnace, will arrive in the city next Wednesday. Reed & company decided to increase the plant after being assured that the natural gas would be furnished for fuel by the East Ohio Gas Company, which makes good the statement of David Reed that another factory would be started providing the gas company was admitted.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) November 7, 1898
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A son has been born to Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Reed. Mr. Reed celebrated his seventy eighth birthday anniversary last week.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) November 20, 1898
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The strike at Q. C. Wheaton & Co.'s glass factory at Millville, N. J., has been settled and the blowers will return to work next week, Several of Reed & Co.'s employees are from Millville.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) December 1, 1898
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The stack for the new furnace at Reed & company's plant is nearly completed. David Reed states that the new furnace will be ready for operation by the time natural gas reaches Massillon. He intends using the gas for fuel. The new furnace will furnish employment to nine additional blowers and about thirty-five helpers.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) December 1, 1898
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Reed & Company's glass factory is supplying the Schlitz Brewing Company with over 100 cars of bottles each year. Agents of the Schlitz company claim that Reed & company's ware is temped superior to any manufactured in the United States.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) December 22, 1898
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A GREAT PLANT
_________
Reed & company's Bot-
tle Works Growing
From Year to Year
_________

THE SEASON'S OUTPUT.
_________
More Bottles Turned Out in the Course
of a Year Than by Any Other
Firm in the United
States.
_________

Few Massillonians realize that Reed & Company, of this city, manufacture more beer bottles than any other manufacturing concern in the country. There are larger factories perhaps, but with regard to this particular ware Reed & Company lead. The ware is also superior in quality to that manufactured elsewhere, consumers claiming it to be better for pasteurizing beer than any on the market. This is due to the methods employed in preparing the material and tempering, which differs from those generally in use. Reed & Company have also the distinction of having furnished the bottles which were filled with beer and shipped to the United States soldiers at Manila by Milwaukee brewers. The firm and its ware have an enviable reputation throughout the bottle consuming territories, both within and outside of the United States, and yearly the demand becomes greater. This season the capacity of the plant is 100,000 gross of bottles, an increase of over twenty-five percent, compared with the output of the preceding year. During the summer months factory No. 1 was enlarged and since work began, September 12, night and day forces have been engaged continuously at both factories Nos. 1 and 2, and at present there are 255 persons on the pay roll. The force will be increased by fifty about February 1, when work is to begin in factory No. 3, which is now nearing completion. 
The plant was first operated in 1881, under the management of C. W. Reed, and at that time but one factory existed, with seventy-five names on the pay roll, and a capacity of 20,000 gross. In 1883 the present management of Joseph S. Reed and David Reed, became sole owners of the plant, and in the course of time factory No. 2 was erected and the business of the firm has increased steadily until the present status was reached.
Until the present year, the business of the company has been confined entirely to the United States, but now extensive shipments are being made to Mexico. The first order ever secured by the company's agent, Lawrence Stoehr, during his visit to Mexico in August last, was for seventy-five cars, 36,000 bottles being loaded to the car. The firm is furnishing most of the largest breweries in the United States a large proportion of their bottles, and until the present season the capacity of the plant would not permit the acceptance of outside orders, although frequent requests were received. Factory No. 3 will be in operation by February 1, and producer gas, like that now used in the other factories, will be applied for fuel, unless the company can make satisfactory arrangements with the East Ohio Gas Company.
Seventy-two blowers are now employed and an addition of eighteen will be required when the new factory is in working order. A blower's working day is eight and one-half hours, and the season lasts from September until June 30. A good blower can turn out, on an average, about fifty dozen bottles daily, and the average earnings are $150 each month.
Of this sum, $20 is allowed them each week for market money and the balance is retained by the company until the end of the season. They are permitted, however, to draw extra amounts at any time. Tuesday of each week is the company's pay day and with the exception of the blowers' [sic] all other employees are paid in full. An apprentice is compelled to blow five years before receiving full pay, but after the first season, but a small percentage of his earnings are retained. Apprentices are governed by the blowers' organization and the company is permitted to employ but one to every fifteen journeymen each year. These are selected from the help and the service before on becomes a full-fledged blower is practically from eight to ten years. The company's prospects for next season are exceptionally bright and the output gives promise of being even greater than that of the present season, which will be, approximately, 14,400,000 bottles, and the largest in the history of the firm.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) December 28, 1898
_______________________________________________________________________________________

NOT NATURAL GAS.
Reed & company Will Have Other Fuel for the New Works.

Fires will be lighted in the new factory of Reed & Company in the early part of next month. Natural gas will not be used. The company will burn a gas manufactured on the spot--the same as is used in the works now in operation. The blowers and others, about fifty in number, who are to be employed in the new shops will begin to arrive about next week.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) January 19, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

REED & COMPANY'S PLANT.
_______
A New Factory to be started on Mon-
day.

Reed & Company's new glass factory will be put in operation on Monday, making three factories now in use. Nine blowers are to be employed in factory No. 3 for the time being, but the force will be doubled later. The blowers who have already arrived to fill the new places are Edgar Troty, Thomas Duffield and Dick Boen, of Circleville, and Frank Zoner, Frank Camille and George Burnside, of Newark. The Zimmerman brothers and another blower are expected Monday. Edgar Troth is a brother of Joseph Troth, former president of the Glass Blowers Association, of the United States and Canada.
W. O. Hayes, of Newark, spent Saturday with Massillon friends. Mr. Hayes blew glass in Massillon 8 years ago.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) February 13, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

A number of ware boys employed at Reed & Co.'s glass works went on a strike Tuesday afternoon because the hours of labor were not satisfactory. Their places have not been filled.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) April 13, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Reed & Company yesterday shipped to Mexico five hundred gross of bottles, filling two cars. During the past several months the company has made many other shipments to Mexico.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) June 15, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

The output of Reed & Company's works during the season which has just closed was 11,724,768 bottles, 25 per cent. of which were shipped to Mexico. Next year the new factory of No. 3 as it is called, will be worked day and night like the others, thus increased the capacity of the plant and necessitating the employment of more men and boys.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) July 10, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

L. S. Stoehr Leaves in the Interest of
Reed & Co.

L. S. Stoehr is now making a tour of Mexico in the interest of Reed & Co. Last year Mr. Stoehr worked up an enormous trade in the Southwest, a large percentage of the output of the works being shipped there during the season. Even more is expected for next season.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) August 14, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

REPAIRS COMPLETED.

The annual improvements and repairs at the works of Reed & Company have been completed, and glassmaking could be commenced at once. the date for resuming operations has not yet been set.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) August 21, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

MORE BIG ORDERS
________
L. S. Stoehr Returns From Mexico
With Them.

Lawrence S. Stoehr, who, in the interest of Reed & company, has been in Mexico and the West for two months past, returned to Massillon Thursday evening. He found the same big demand for Massillon made bottles in the places he visited. Operations at the factory will be commenced on Monday.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) August 21, 1899
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OPERATIONS RESUMED.

After the usual suspension during the hot months, operations were again resumed in two of Reed & Company's glass factories this morning. The third factory will be placed in operation on Thursday. The blowers this season will number 102, nine more than last season, and the total number of boys and men employed will exceed 300. Amber glass is being worked in the two factories now in operation. Green glass will be worked in factory No. 3.

The Massillon Independent (Massillon, Ohio) September 14, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Mr. W. J. Dunlap, executive officer of the G. B. B. A. and Mr. John Schlegel left today for Massillon, Ohio, having accepted positions with the Reed & Co. glass factory.

Newark Daily Advocate (Newark, Ohio) October 11, 1899
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1900 Ohio, Massillon Census, Ward 1

245 29 31 Reed David Head W M Dec 1840 59 M 37 New Jersey Manufacturer (Glass)

62 244 256 Reed Joseph S Head W M Nov 1820 79 M 2 New Jersey Manufacturer (Glass)
------Mary A. Wife W F Feby 1863 37 M 2 1 1 Ohio
------Joseph S. Son W M Nov 1898 1 S
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Boys Strike.

Massillon, O., Oct. 10.--A strike of carrying-in boys which originated at the plant of the Rhodes Glass Bottle company spread to the works of the Massillon Bottle and Glass company and Reed & Company. Eight factories and 800 men are now idle. The boys demand 75 cents a day. They have been getting 60 cents. The glass blowers and other men are not in sympathy with the boys, claiming that 50 cents is the ruling price throughout the country for their work.

The Daily Herald (Delphos, Ohio) October 10, 1901
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REED & CO. (David Reed), Manufactures of Bottles in Amber or Light Green Color; Bottles for Steaming a Specialty; 159 Canal

Johnson's Business and Professional Directory 1902
_______________________________________________________________________________________

NEW BOTTLE FACTORY
__________
E. H. Everett Elected Presi=
dent and General
Manager.
__________
Plants at Newark, Massillon and
Wooster consolidated
__________
Annual capacity of Company's Plants is One Hun-
dred Million Bottles--Newark Will Lose
Nothing But Will be the Gainer
by the Big Combination.
__________

The Ohio Bottle Company recently incorporated with a capital of $4,000,000, has established its general offices in Newark, and elected the following board of directors: Messrs. E. H. Everett, L. S. Stoehr, J. C. Haring, O. G. King, D. Reed, J. T. Pocock and S. M. Hunter. The directors are Massillon and Newark men. The following officers were elected: President and general manager E. H. Everett; vice president and assistant general manager. L. S. Stoehr; treasurer, J. C. Haring; assistant treasurer, J. M. Keckley; secretary, Frank E. Fitzgibbon.
The new company has purchased the plants and good will of the E. H. Everett company; Reed & Company, of Massillon; Massillon Bottle and Glass Company, of Massillon, and the Wooster Glass company. The annual capacity of the new company is stated to be one hundred million bottles.
Since the incorporation of the new Ohio Bottle Company, there has been much speculation as to what its effect on Newark would be. Mr Everett stated to The Advocate a few days ago that the company's plans had not been perfected and consequently he had nothing to say regarding the purposes of the new enterprise. Mr. Everett stated, however, that Newark would lose nothing by the new company.
Whether an increase in the size of the Newark factory is to be made can not be stated, neither can the rumors of a new plant in this locality be verified. Mr. Everett will take the public into his confidence at the proper time and will advise The Advocate of any contemplated changes or improvements as plans are matured.
The Newark factory is soon to start with about 1400 employees.
Everybody knows what Edward H. Everett has done for Newark. many are familiar with the development of the big glass industry in North Newark, which is the biggest in the state and it is known that Mr. Everett has an interest in the Licking county gas field, second to none. As there is cheap fuel here in abundance, as the great Black Hand sand quarry is close at hand, as Newark has exceptionally good shipping facilities and as Mr. Everett is largely interested in Newark real estate, it is but reasonable to assume that in case the new company contemplates any additions to its plants or the construction of a new factory that Newark will receive most favorable consideration.

The Newark Advocate (Newark, Ohio) August 11, 1904
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The more important of the new industries reached during the years are as follows:

Reed & Co................Massillon

Fifth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Wheeling and Lake Erie Railroad Company. (Cleveland, Brooks Co., 1904)
_______________________________________________________________________________________

HARRY S. WAITE
_________
Becomes Superintendent of the New-
ark Branch of the American
Bottle Company.
_________

Massillon, Sept. 12.--The announcement that a change would be made in the management at Reed & Company's glass factory reached the blowers in this city as a serve blow, especially that part related to the promotion of Harry S. Waite to the general superintendence of the big plant at Newark, O.
The change is a decided promotion for Mr. Waite, but strange to say the Massillon man is not favorably impressed with the transfer. Mr. Waite has been superintendent of Reed & Company's plant in this city for a number of years and holds the highest good will of the local blowers who are employed under him. He regrets exceedingly the fact he will be forced to give up his home here and leave his numerous friends.
The Newark plant is one of the largest in the country and Mr. Waite can be congratulated upon his good fortune in securing the position there. The salary is much larger, and of course the responsibilities are greater. Fourteen hundred men are employed at the Newark plant over which Mr. Waite will have charge. All varieties of ware are manufactured, from two ounce product to large carboys.
Lawrence Kerrigan, who for the past few years has been superintendent of the Pocock glass factory, will be asked to succeed Mr. Waite as superintendent at Reed's. Mr. Kerrigan will in all probability accept as both factories are already under the control of the American Glass Bottle company.

The Newark Advocate (Newark, Ohio) September 12, 1905
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1910 Ohio Massillon Ward 4 Census

245 134 138 Reed David Head M W 69 M1 47 New Jersey Manager Bottle Works
_______________________________________________________________________________________

JOSEPH GRAPEWINE, an enterprising and progressive citizens of Massillon, occupies a responsible position as foreman of Reed & Co.'s Glass Works. He was born in Camden, N. J., July 7, 1849............and was reared to mature years in Pittsburgh, where he received his education in a night school. When nine years of age, he began work in a glass factory, and was probably the youngest apprentice in that line of work..........Removing to Xenia, this State, he built the first tank-furnace in America, and remained in the glass business there for a twelvemonth........In 1880, our subject came to Massillon and immediately entered the employ of Reed & Co. Four years later, he went to Wellington, this state and built the Wellington Glass factory, of which he was President and Superintendent for two years. Disposing of his interests at the end of that time, he superintended and afterwards managed the Minerva Glass Works of Minerva, Ohio, and a year later returned to this city and again entered the employ of Reed & Co....He has since leased his hotel, and now devoted his time and attention to the duties of his position as foreman in a glass factory.....He of whom we write is a member of the United Glass Works Association, of which organization he has been Vice-president.....

Chapman Bros.; Portrait and Biographical Record of Stark County, Ohio (Chicago, Chapman Bros., 1892)
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Joseph V. Miller was reared at Massillon, where he was graduated from the high school in 1896, and later from the Massillon Actual Business College. He has made his own way since he was thirteen years old, working in a grocery store, before and after school, on Saturdays and during vacations. His first position of consequence was as private secretary to Dr. A. V. Richardson, who was the first superintendent of the Massillon State Hospital, and after this experience entered, in 1898, the office of Reed & Company, proprietors of the Massillon Glass Works. as bookkeeper and general office man. He continued in that line of work with the successors of Reed & Company, the Ohio Bottle Company, as well as with the latter's successors, American Bottle Company, being local superintendent of this concern until the time of his resignation in 1913 to become secretary and treasurer of the Massillon Aluminum Company.....................

The Reed Glass Bottle Works was started in the same conservative way. Mr. David Reed has been actively connected with the plant for 25 years. It with the Pocock bottle plants, now form a considerable part of The American Bottle Co., and the two with The Rhodes Glass & Bottle Co., under the management of F. R. Shepley, have produced three hundred and fifteen million, and are producing annually forty- six million bottles, employing 700 men with an annual payroll of $500,000.

Lehman, John H.; A Standard History of Stark County, Ohio (Chicago, Lewis Publishing Co., 1916)
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Adieus were said to their escorts in the office after choice cigars had been passed among the tourists. The members of the Institute, under their guide, Senator Howells, proceeded to Reed & Co.'s glass works, where Mr. David Reed kindly conducted them around the plant. The party witnessed the manufacture of bottles and jars which was of great interest to many of them

The Ohio Mining Journal, Summer Meeting Held at Massillon, O.
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BOTTLE MAKERS WHO HAVE CROWN AND SEAL FINISHING TOOLS
...................................
Massillon Glass Works....Massillon, Ohio
...................................

Ad circ 1899-1900
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