Manufacturer Notes: Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Company

Bridgeton Directories

1883 Bridgeton Directory
  Shoemaker Clement W (C W Shoemaker & Bro) and (Clark & Co), h 226 n Laurel

  Glass Manufacturers.

   Clark Joseph A & Co, Bridgeton
   Craven Bros, Salem, Salem co
   Gayner John, Salem, Salem co
   Geisinger & Allen, Bridgeton
   Jones & Townsend, Millville
   More, Jonas & More, Bridgeton
   Whitall, Tatum & co, Millville

1887 Bridgeton Directory
   Bassett Samuel M, sec Cumberland Glass Mnfg co, h 242 Bank
  CUMBERLAND GLASS MNFG CO (C W Shoemaker and S M Bassett), Mt Vernon cor Witzel
  Shoemaker Charles H. glass mafr, h 325 N Pearl
  Shoemaker Clement W, (treas Cumberland Glass Mnfg Co), h 226 N Laurel
  Shoemaker R Elmer (pres Cumberland Glass Mnfg co), h 69 Hampton

  Glass Manufacturers.

   Bridgeton - Clark Window Glass manufacturing Co, Laurel near Myrtle
                       Cohansey Glass Manufacturing co, 148 S Pearl
                       Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Co, Mt Vernon cor Wetzel
                       Getsinger & Son, Grove cor Eagle
                       Kirby & McBride, Manheim nr E commerce.
                       More, Jonas, More & Co, R R ave nr N Pearl
                       Parker Bros, W Commerce, cor West ave.
   Millville -    Malaga Glass and Manufacturing Co, 511 Columbia ave
                      Whitall, Tatum & Co, Buck cor Columbia ave and 2d cor Whitall
   Port Elizabeth - Samuel Towsend

1889 Bridgeton Directory
  Bassett Samuel M, sec Cumberland Glass Co, and Clark Window Glass Manufacturing Co, h 242 Bank
  Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Co, R Elmer Shoemaker, president Clement W Shoemaker, treas, Samuel M
       Bassett secretary, N Laurel cor Charles
  Shoemaker Charles H, pres Clark Window Glass Mfg Co, h 220 N Laurel
  Shoemaker Clement W, treas Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 226 N Laurel
  Shoemaker R Elmer, pres Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 218 N Laurel

  Glass Manufacturers.

   Clark Window Glass Mfg Co, Laurel nr Myrtle, Bridgeton
   Cohansey Glass Mfg Co, 148 S Pearl. Bridgeton
   Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, N Laurel cor Charles, Bridgeton
   Getsinger & Son, Grove cor Eagle, Bridgeton
   Kirby & McBride, Manheim nr E commerce, Bridgeton
   More, Jonas, More & Co, R R ave nr N Pearl. Bridgeton
   Parker Bros Glass Mfg Co, W Commerce cor West ave, Bridgeton
   Gibson, Horton & Co, Fairton
   G B Bennett & Co, Columbia ave nr Dock, Millville
   Shull, Wheaton & Co, ft N Second, Millville
   Whitall, Tatum & co, Buck cor Columbia ave and S Second, Millville
   Tillyer Bros, Harvard nr Central R R, Vineland

1891 Bridgeton Directory
   Bassett Samuel M, sec Clark Window Glass Mnfg Co and Cumberland Glass Mnfg Co, h 242 Bank
  Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Co, R Elmer Shoemaker, pres; Samuel M Bassett, sec; Clement W
       Shoemaker, treas, N Laurel cor Charles
  Shoemaker Clement W, treas Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 226 N Laurel
  Shoemaker C H, pres Clark Window Glass Mfg Co, h 220 N Laurel
  Shoemaker Hiram J, bottle finisher, h 238 N Pearl
  Shoemaker R Elmer, pres Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 218 N Laurel

  GLASS MANUFACTURERS.

   Clark Window Glass Mfg Co..................... Bridgeton
   Cohansey Glass Mfg Co. ......................... do
   Cumberland Glass Mfg Co....................... do
   East lake Glass Works.............................. Bridgeton
   Getsinger & Son........................................ do
   Gibson, Horton & Co................................. Fairton
   Mayhew Thomas F.................................... Millville
   More, Jonas, Glass Co, (The).................. Bridgeton
   More, Jonas, More & Co.......................... do
   Tillyer Bros..................................................Vineland
   Townsend Samuel.................................... Port Elizabeth
   Wheaton T C & Co................................... Millville
   Whitall, Tatum & Co................................. do

1893 Bridgeton Directory
  Bassett Samuel M, sec Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, and Clark Window Glass Mfg Co, h 86 N Pearl
  CUMBERLAND GLASS MFNG CO, R Elmer Shoemaker, pres; Samuel M Bassett, sec; Clement W Shoemaker,
       treas, N Laurel cor Charles
  Shoemaker Clement W, treas Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, and pres Clark Window Glass Mnfg Co and Bridgeton
       Iron Works h 220 N Laurel
  Shoemaker Hiram J, glass worker, h 238 N Pearl
  Shoemaker Horace H, treas Alva Glass Works, h 125 W Commerce
  Shoemaker R Elmer, pres Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 218 N Laurel

  GLASS MANUFACTURERS.

   American Bottle Co, Vineland
   Clark Window Glass Mfg Co, Bridgeton
   Cohansey Glass Mfg Co, Bridgeton
   Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, Bridgeton
   East lake Glass Works, Bridgeton
   Getsinger & Son, Bridgeton
   More, Jonas, Glass Co, (The), Bridgeton
   More, Jonas, More & Co, Bridgeton
   Parker Bros Glass Mnfg Co, Bridgeton
   Townsend Samuel, Port Elizabeth
   Vineland Glass Mfg Co, Millville
   Wheaton T C & Co, Millville
   Whitall, Tatum & Co, Millville
   Willis & Moore, Fairton

1895 Bridgeton Directory
  Bassett Samuel M, sec Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, and Clark Window Glass Mfg Co, h 86 N Pearl
  CUMBERLAND GLASS MFNG CO, R Elmer Shoemaker, pres; Samuel M Bassett, sec; Clement W Shoemaker,
       treas, N Laurel cor Charles
  Shoemaker Charles H, h 220 N Laurel
  Shoemaker Clement W, treas Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, and pres Clark Window Glass Mnfg Co and Bridgeton
       Iron Works h 226 N Laurel
  Shoemaker Hiram J, glass worker, h 238 N Pearl
  Shoemaker R Elmer, pres Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 218 N Laurel

  GLASS MANUFACTURERS.

   American Bottle Co, Vineland
   Clark Window Glass Mfg Co, Bridgeton
   Cohansey Glass Mfg Co, Bridgeton
   Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, Bridgeton
   East lake Glass Works, Bridgeton
   Getsinger Glass Mfg Co, Bridgeton
   More, Jonas, Glass Co, (The), Bridgeton
   More, Jonas, More & Co, Bridgeton
   Parker Bros Glass Mnfg Co, Bridgeton
   Wheaton T C & Co, Millville
   Whitall, Tatum & Co, Millville
   Willis & Moore, Fairton

1897 Bridgeton Directory
  CUMBERLAND GLASS MFG CO. R. Elmer Shoemaker, pres; George B. Wilson, v-pres; John F Perry, sec;
       Clement W Shoemaker, treas, N Laurel cor Charles
  Perry John F, sec Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 182 W Commerce
  Shoemaker Charles H, manager, h 220 N Laurel
  Shoemaker Clement W, treas Cumberland Glass Mfg Co and pres Clark Window Glass Mnfg Co and Bridgeton
       Iron Works, h 226 N Laurel
  Shoemaker Hiram J. glassworker, h 83 Oak
  Shoemaker R Elmer, pres Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 218 N Laurel
  Wilson Geo B, v-pres Cumberland Glass Mnfg Co, h Phila

  GLASS MANUFACTURERS

   Bridgeton Glass Mfg Co, Bridgeton
   Cohansey Glass Mfg Co, Bridgeton
   Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, Bridgeton
   East Lake Glass Works, Bridgeton
   Jeffers Glass Mfg Co, Fairton
   More-Jonas Glass Co (The), Bridgeton
   Parker Bros Glass Mfg Co, Bridgeton
   Vineland Flint Glass Works, Vineland
   Wheaton T C & Co, Millville
   Whitall-Tatum Co, Millville

1899 Bridgeton Directory
  Clark Joseph A, v-pres Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 236 N Laurel
  CUMBERLAND GLASS MFG CO. N Laurel cor Charles, R. Elmer Shoemaker, pres; Joseph A. Clark, v-pres;
       John F Perry, sec; Clement W Shoemaker, treas
  PERRY JOHN F, sec Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 182 W Commerce
  Shoemaker Charles H, manager, h 220 N Laurel
  Shoemaker Clement W, treas Cumberland Glass Mfg Co and prop Bridgeton Iron Works, h 226 N Laurel
  Shoemaker Hiram J. glassworker, h 83 Oak
  Shoemaker R Elmer, pres Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 218 N Laurel

  GLASS MANUFACTURERS

   Bridgeton Glass Mfg Co, Inc, Manheim ave nr E Commerce, Bridgeton
   Cohansey Glass Mfg Co, 148 S Pearl, Bridgeton
   Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, N Laurel cor Charles, Bridgeton
   East Lake Glass Works, Manheim nr E commerce, Bridgeton
   Jeffers Glass Mfg Co, Fairton
   More-Jonas Glass Co (The), Bank nr Horton, Bridgeton
   Parker Bros Glass Mfg co (The), Rosenhayn rd nr Pearl, Bridgeton
   Vineland Flint Glass Works, Division ave E of Park Drive, Vineland
   Wheaton T C & Co, N 2d cor G, Millville
   Whitall-Tatum & Co, Buck cor Columbia av, Millville

1901 Bridgeton Directory
  Clark Joseph A, v-pres Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 236 N Laurel
  CUMBERLAND GLASS MFG CO. N Laurel cor Charles, R. Elmer Shoemaker, pres; Joseph A Clark, v-pres;
       John F Perry, sec; Clement W Shoemaker, treas
  PERRY JOHN F, sec Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 108 W Commerce
  Shoemaker Charles H, manager Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 214 E Commerce
  Shoemaker Clement W, treas Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 226 N Laurel
  Shoemaker R Elmer, pres Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 225 E Commerce

  GLASS MANUFACTURERS

   Bridgeton Glass Mfg co, Inc, Manheim ave nr E Commerce, Bridgeton
   Bridgeton Vial Works, 38 Atlantic, Bridgeton
   Capital Glass Mfg Co, Inc, Boulevard bel chestnut av, Vineland
   Cohansey Glass Mfg Co, 148 S Pearl, Bridgeton
   Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, N Laurel cor Charles, Bridgeton
   East Lake Glass Works, Manheim nr E commerce, Bridgeton
   Jeffers Glass Mfg Co, Fairton
   More-Jonas Glass Co (The), Bank nr Horton, Bridgeton
   North American Glass Co (The), Inc, 506 Columbia ave, Millville
   Parker Bros Glass Mfg co (The), Rosenhayn rd nr Pearl, Bridgeton
   Vineland Flint Glass Works, Division ave E of Park Drive, Vineland
   Wheaton T C & Co, N 2d cor G, Millville
   Whitall-Tatum Co, Inc, Buck cor Columbia av and 2d cor Whitall, Millville

1903 Bridgeton Directory
  Clark Joseph A, v-pres Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 236 N Laurel
  CUMBERLAND GLASS MFG CO. N Laurel cor Charles, R. Elmer Shoemaker, pres; Joseph A Clark, v-pres;
       John F Perry, sec; Clement W Shoemaker, treas
  Perry John F, sec Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 108 W Commerce
  Shoemaker Charles H, lumber, h 214 E Commerce
  Shoemaker Clement W, treas Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 226 N Laurel
  Shoemaker R Elmer, pres Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 225 E Commerce

  GLASS MANUFACTURERS

   Capital Glass Mfg Co, Inc, Boulevard bel Chestnut av, Vineland
   Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, N Laurel cor Charles, Bridgeton
   East Lake Glass Works, Manheim nr E commerce, Bridgeton
   Jeffers Glass Mfg Co, Fairton
   Moore I Whilden Glass Mfg co, Manheim nr E Commerce, Bridgeton
   More-Jonas Glass Co (The), Bank nr Horton, Bridgeton
   North American Glass Co (The), Inc, 506 Columbia ave, Millville
   Parker Bros Glass Mfg co (The), Rosenhayn rd nr Pearl, Bridgeton
   Vineland Flint Glass Works, Division ave E of Park Drive, Vineland
   Vineland Window Glass Co, Central RR opp Harvard, Vineland
   Wheaton T C & Co, N 2d cor G, Millville
   Whitall-Tatum Co, Inc, Buck cor Columbia av and 2d cor Whitall, Millville

1905 Bridgeton Directory
  Clark Joseph A, v-pres Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 236 N Laurel
  Cumberland Glass Mfg Co. N Laurel cor Charles, R. Elmer Shoemaker, pres; Joseph A Clark, v-pres; John F
       Perry, sec; Clement W Shoemaker, treas
  Perry John F, sec Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 108 W Commerce
  Shoemaker Charles H, lumber, h 214 E Commerce
  Shoemaker Clement W, treas Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 226 N Laurel
  Shoemaker Joseph C, manager, h 226 N Laurel
  Shoemaker R Elmer, pres Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 225 E Commerce

  GLASS MANUFACTURERS

   American Vial Co, 509 and 511 Columbia ave, Millville
   Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, N Laurel cor Charles, Bridgeton
   Elmer Glass Works, 72 E commerce, Bridgeton
   GLOBE GRADUATING CO, 509 and 511 Columbia ave, Millville
   McMurry James & Co, S Boulevard bel Chestnut ave, Vineland
   Millville Bottle Works, S 7th nr Main, Millville
   Moore I Whilden Glass Mfg co, Manheim nr E Commerce, Bridgeton
   More-Jonas Glass Co (The), Bank nr Horton, Bridgeton
   North American Glass Co (The), Inc, 506 Columbia ave, Millville
   Parker Bros Glass Mfg Co (The), Rosenhayn rd nr Pearl, Bridgeton
   Sterling Flint Glass Works, Division ave E of Park Drive, Vineland
   Vineland Flint Glass Works, Division ave E of Park Drive, Vineland
   West Harry E, 92 Fayette, Bridgeton
   Wheaton T C Co, N 2d cor G, Millville
   Whitall-Tatum Co, Inc, Buck cor Columbia av and 330 S 2d, Millville

  GLASS MANUFACTURERS.

   Elmer Glass Works, Elmer
   Gayner Glass Works, Front nr W Broadway, Salem
   J & B Octagon Fruit Jar Co, Mecum bldg, Salem
   Salem Glass Works, Fourth nr Broadway, Salem

1909 Bridgeton Directory
  Bridgeton Glass Works, N Laurel cor Charles
  Clark Joseph A, v-pres Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 236 N Laurel
  Cumberland Glass Mfg Co. N Laurel cor Charles, R. Elmer Shoemaker, pres; Joseph A Clark, v-pres; John F
        Perry, sec; Clement W Shoemaker, treas
  Perry John F, sec Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 108 W Commerce
  Shoemaker Clement W, treas Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 236 N Laurel
  Shoemaker Isaac L, manager, h 196 Commerce
  Shoemaker R Elmer, pres Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, h 225 E Commerce

  GLASS MANUFACTURERS

   American Vial Co, 526 N 2d, Millville
   Bridgeton Glass Works, N Laurel Cor Charles, Bridgeton
   Collingswood Glass Co, 7th ab Peach, Vineland
   Cumberland Glass Mfg Co, N Laurel cor Charles, Bridgeton
   Delta Glass Works, S Boulevard ext, Vineland
   Frislen Cut Glass Co, S Boulevard cor Montrose
   Globe Graduating Co, 526 N 2d, Millville
   Millville Bottle Works, S 7th and Main, Millville
   More-Jonas Glass Co (The), Bank nr Penn, Bridgeton
   Parker Bros Glass Mfg Co (The), Rosenhayn rd, Bridgeton
   T C Wheaton Co, N 2d cor G, Millville
   Vineland Flint Glass Works, Division ab Fowler av, Vineland.
   Whitall-Tatum Co, Buck cor Mulberry, Millville
   Whitall-Tatum Co, S 2d, S Millville
_______________________________________________________________________________________

PATENTS:

493,984 Apparatus for Molding Bottles March 21, 1893
603,640 Bottle or Jar Closure May 10, 1898
609,393 Bottle cap Fastener August 16, 1898
629,844 Machine For Molding Glassware August 1, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

  The Cumberland Glass Works are situated on Water street, and are operated by Jos. A. Clark & Co. This firm began work in August, 1880. The size of the factory is 60x100 feet, with other buildings in proportion. They run a five pot furnace, with a capacity for turning out one hundred and seventy-five gross of half ounce to one gallon bottles, and pay out weekly, $1,000 for labor; ninety to one hundred men and boys are employed, all of whom are pain in cash. The capacity of these works is to be enlarged one-third for the year beginning September 1st, 1881.

McCowan, George W.; City of Bridgeton, N. J. its Location, Attraction, Industries, &c. (Bridgeton, McGowan & Nichols, 1881)
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BRIDGETON STRIKE.

  There is no change to-day in the strike at Bridgeton and it now looks as if it would be a war to the knife between the Cumberland Glass Company and the District Assembly of the Knights of Labor. No settlement has been reached, and there appears to be little prospect of an amicable conclusion to the existing difficulties. A conference held by the District Master Workman John Coffey and President James Campbell of the Window-glass Workers' Association, with the company failed to accomplish anything. Mr. Coffey positively stated that the window-glass workers would go out unless the matter was soon settled. As both sides seem determined to hold out, it is not easy to see how a settlement can be effected.

The Evening Telegram (New York, New York) April 4, 1889
_______________________________________________________________________________________


.....About the same time that the coal barons were holding their meeting in Philadelphia Master Workman Coffee of the Knights of Labor was attempting to get the wages of the men employed in the Cumberland glassworks, located in Bridgetown N. J., advanced. All his efforts at a satisfactory compromise having failed, he advised the men to try the last resort-quit work. For this he was immediately arrested and placed under bond to appear and answer charges of conspiracy preferred against him by the owners of the works.......

Galveston Daily News (Galveston, Texas) April 8, 1889
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CUMBERLAND GLASS MANUFACTURING 
  COMPANY. 

CLARK WINDOW GLASS COMPANY. 

  The Cumberland Glass Company was organized in August, 1880, and a factory built the same year. Since then the works have been moved from the former site on Water street, and four hollow-ware factories erected on North Laurel street, near the line of the New Jersey Central Railroad. Its officers are: R. E. Shoemaker, President; S. M. Bassett, Superintendent and Secretary; C. W. Shoemaker, Treasurer. 

  This company employs 300 men and boys. It pays wages at the rate of $9,000 per month, or about $95,000 annually. Capital invested $150,000. Value of bottles manufactured per fire, $200,000. No specialties are manufactured, but the company turns out almost every variety of bottle in colored and green glass. Raw material is consumed annually as follows: 1,400 tons of soda; 3,000 tons of sand; 48,000 bushels of lime; 6,000 tons of coal; 1,400,000 feet of lumber, etc. 

  The Clark Window Glass Company was established in December, 1882. It has a capital of $25,000 invested in one factory, the latter being fitted with every modern glass-making facility. Fifty hands are employed, and about $2,500 per month paid in wages. Ware produced per annum, $60,000 value. In the running of the window-glass furnace, the Clark Company uses two tons of soda per day; four tons of sand; two tons of lime, and large quantities of hay and straw; also, German and American clay in the manufacture of pots. 

  Both the Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Company and the Clark Window Glass Company, are successful companies, and among the best in the country. 

  Officers of Clark Window Glass Company: C. H. Shoemaker, President; S. M. Bassett, Secretary; W. C. Mulford, Treasurer. 

  The Cumberland Glass Company has a large factory store immediately connected with their works, in which a heavy business is transacted with the workmen, their families and the residents of that portion of Bridgeton in which the factories are situated. The store is managed by Richard Brockson. 

Nichols, I. T.; The City of Bridgeton (Philadelphia, Burk & McFetridge, 1889)
_______________________________________________________________________________________

  BRIDGETON, N. J., Sept 3.-The More-Jonas-More and Parker Brothers, hollowware glass factories went into blast yesterday. The Cumberland Glass Company put one of its hollowware factories in blast to-day.

The New York Times (New York, New York) September 4, 1891
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More Glass Works Strikers

  BRIDGETON, N. J., Sept 21.-|Special|-Tending boys at the Cumberland Glass Works refused to work with the Jews and colored boys this morning, placing iron bars across the gates and threatening to stone to death any Jews who attempted to go to work. Six Jews were discharged by the company, and the boys will now go to work without further trouble. The pressers of the Cohansey Glass Works quit work this morning on account of a reduction of $3 per thousand on their ware and the employment of non-union workmen.

The Roanoke Times (Roanoke, Virginia) September 22, 1891
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  The tall smoke stack in coarse of erection at the Cumberland Glass works at Bridgeton, N. J., fell this morning and is now a mass of ruins. Several workmen narrowly escaped being killed.

Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, Virginia) December 7, 1892
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A SLIDE FOR LIFE.

Thrilling Adventure of Three masons on a
   Toppling Chimney.

  BRIDGETON, Pa., Dec. 8.-While Walter Bond, Amos Sharp and Charles Newman, three brick masons, were at work on the top of the stack of the new flint house of the Cumberland Glass Works yesterday, they felt something giving away. Glancing around they saw the brick work parting and the stack opening. To save their lives they had to act quickly. A rope ran down the centre of the stack, which was used to draw up materials. This they grasped and slipped to the bottom, a distance of fifty feet. They had no sooner reached the ground than the huge stack toppled and fell with a tremendous crash. The whole furnace will have to be torn out. and this will delay the starting of the factory for several weeks.

The Roanoke Times (Roanoke, Virginia) December 9, 1892
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To call Union Glass-Makers Out.

  BRIDGETON, N. J., Dec. 13.-The United Green-glass Blowers' association of the United States and Canada, through its president and executive board, has decided to make a fight against the non-union glass manufacturers of South Jersey, and last night decided to call all union men out of Cumberland Glass Company's works this morning. The points at issue are: Regulating the employment of union apprentices and the wage scale adopted by the last national convention of the United Glass-Workers held at Rochester.

The Davenport Tribune (Davenport, Iowa) December 14, 1892
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Labor Leaders Arrested.

  BRIDGETON, N. J., Jan. 7.--The Grand Jury has returned indictments for conspiracy against President Arrington and Vice-President Troth, of the national Glass Blowers' Union. Both were arrested and required to give bail. The indictments grew out of the strike of the glass blowers at the Cumberland Glass manufacturing Company.

Middletown Daily Press (Middletown, New York) January 7, 1893
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The Trial Postponed.

  BRIDGETON, N. J., jan 12.--The trial of President Arrington and Vice-President Troth, of the United Green Glass Workers of the United States and Canada and George Marshall, secretary of the Bridgeton local branch, for conspiracy in connection with the present strike at the Cumberland Glass works, has been postponed until the May term of the Cumberland county court.

Middletown Daily Press (Middletown, New York) January 12, 1893
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A $2,000 Verdict for Damages.

  BRIDGETON, N. J., May 6.--The jury in the Paxton vs. Cumberland Glass Manufacturing company case, awarded Paxton $2,000 damages for injuries received by the explosion of an oil tank at the company's works Dec. 14, 1891. Paxton brought suit for $10,000.

Middletown Daily Press (Middletown, New York) May 6, 1893
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Indicted for Issuing Store Orders.

  BRIDGETON, N. J., May 8, John F. Perry, bookkeeper and owner of the Cumberland Glass manufacturing company of this city, was ordered to appear before the courts to answer two indictments against him, charging him with paying part wages in store orders to two of their workmen, This is another step of the Eastern Glassworkers' league against the non-union factory of the Cumberland Glass works. Perry pleaded not guilty and entered bail for trial.

Middletown Daily Press (Middletown, New York) May 9, 1893
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Could Not Reach a Verdict.

  Bridgeton, N. J., May 17,--The jury in the conspiracy case of President Arrington, Vice President Trath and Secretary Marshall, of the green glass workers' national organization, was discharged by Judge Hoagland. The foreman told the jury emphatically that they would never be able to reach a verdict. the jury stood six to six. The Cumberland Glass company, it is said will push for another trial.

Middletown Daily Press (Middletown, New York) May 17, 1893
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Glass Works Close Down.

  MILLVILLE, N. J., May 23.--The window glass works of the Cumberland Glass company have closed down. These are the first works to go out of blast this season. A number of Millville and Bridgeton blowers are thrown out of work. It is said that the glass factories all over the country will shut down for the customary summer stop earlier than usual this year.

Middletown Daily Press (Middletown, New York) May 23, 1893
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Struck For Ice Water.

  BRIDGETON, N. J., May 25.-Because the officials of the Cumberland glass manufactory would not furnish their window glass blowers with ice water the men struck.

Rome Semi-Weekly Citizen (Rome, New York) May 27, 1893
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Two More Furnaces in Blast.

  BRIDGETON, N. J. Sept. 28.--The Cumberland Glass company has two more furnaces in blast. The entire plant is now in operation.

Tyrone Daily Herald (Tyrone, Pennsylvania) September 28, 1893
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Brutal Assault on a Boy

  BRIDGETON, N. J., Feb. 13.--A difficulty arose between Samuel Shaw and his tending boy at the Cumberland glass works here, when Shaw, it is charged, struck the boy on the neck with his blowpipe, cutting a dangerous gash. The pipe was hot and had molten glass on it, and when a physician went to dress the wound the glass was removed, brought pieces of flesh. The wound will most likely prove fatal. Shaw was arrested.

Tyrone Daily Herald (Tyrone, Pennsylvania) February 13, 1894
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Fire Damages Glass Works.

  BRIDGETON, N. J., May 7.-Fire at the Cumberland glass works caused a loss of $15,000. The hollow ware tank furnace and the batch house were completely destroyed. The mold room, with several thousand valuable molds and sample bottles, was ruined. One hundred and fifty men were thrown out of employment.

Rome Semi-Weekly Citizen (Rome, New York) May 9, 1894
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Glass Factories Start Up.

  BRIDGETON, N. J., Sept. 4.--The More-Jonas-More and Parker Brothers hollow-ware glass factories went into blast Monday. The Cumberland glass company put one of their hollow-ware factories in blast Tuesday.

Evening Bulletin (Decatur, Illinois) September 4, 1895
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OUR INDUSTRIES.

  Bridgeton is easily the business centre of South Jersey. Trade centres here from all over the State, and both in manufacturing and merchandising it holds a proud position. .......
  And the stores are flanked by an array of manufacturing industries which would give strength to any place. Among them.... the Cohansey Glassworks, founded in 1836; .... the Cumberland Glass Company's woks; the Clark Window Glass Company's works;.....Getsinger & Son's Glassworks; the More-Jonas Company's Glassworks; the East Lake Glassworks; Parker Brothers' Glassworks;.....

Richardson, J. Ward; A Souvenir of Bridgeton, N. J. (Bridgeton, News Job Publishing House, 1895)
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  The Cumberland Glass Manufacturing company and John F, Perry were convicted before the court of quarter sessions, Cumberland county, N. J of unlawful payments to employees, it violation of the first section of an act approved March 12, 1880, entitled, "An act to secure to workingmen the payment of wages in lawful money." The case was carried before the supreme court of the state, which decided, on November 7, 1895, that if a workingman agrees with his employer to take pay for his work in part in merchandise the merchandise so furnished does not constitute a ground of set-off; it is a payment, and goes in diminution of the claim for work; also, that such a bargain is in violation of the first section of time act above referred to. The court, however, retained the case for future consideration as to the power of the legislature to prevent a workman from contracting as to the character of the compensation to be given him for his work.

Omaha Daily Bee (Omaha, Nebraska) April 26, 1896
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  JOSEPH ARCHIBALD CLARK, founder of the Clark Glass Works, one of the most important manufacturing industries in the city of Bridgeton, N.J., was born at Centreton, Salem County, this State, on July 12, 1822, son of Isaac and Rebecca (Newkirk) Clark. 

  Isaac Clark, who was also a native of Centreton, spent the greater part of his life in tilling the soil and in other agricultural pursuits, and was considered one of the most practical and enterprising farmers of Centreton. For a number of years he served as Overseer of Roads in that town, a position in which he proved himself efficient and trustworthy. Of the children born of his union with Miss Rebecca Newkirk two are living — Sarah, the wife of Charles Smith; and Joseph A. Isaac Clark and his wife were consistent members of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Centreton, in which he held various offices, among them that of class leader. 

  Their son, Joseph Archibald, received a good, practical education; and when his schooldays were ended, as his father had then retired from active labor, he carried on the homestead farm until he was twenty-two years of age. 

  He then purchased a farm of seventy-five acres in Salem County, and there his father's declining years were passed. In addition to that place Mr. Clark owned a large amount of other land, and was long engaged in getting out hoop poles for the city market, having probably manufactured as many as any man in this State. 

  After having successfully engaged in farming for twenty-one years, in 1867 Mr. Clark sold his farm, and came to Bridgeton to reside. During the first seven years he continued in the hoop pole business, to which he added that of lumber, his office being on Laurel Street; but in 1874 he sold out his interests, and in company with Mr. Bassett and Mr. Shoemaker started in the manufacture of glass. For two years they were on Water Street; but at the end of that time their business had increased so that larger quarters were necessary, and they removed to their present stand, where they have continued to do a very successful business under the style of the Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Company, making a specialty of bottles of various kinds. The Window Glass Company has since been formed, of which Mr. Clark is also a partner; and, although it is the latest company of this description that has been organized in Bridgeton, it gives employment to a larger number of people than any other here. 

  In March, 1848, Mr. Clark was joined in marriage with Miss Mary Loper, of Cumberland County. Two of their children are living, namely: Rebecca, the wife of C. W. Shoemaker; and Josephine R., who is at the parental home. Their son, Isaac L., who lived to be but thirty-four years of age, was associated with his father in the hoop pole and lumber business, and was afterward one of the leaders in the organization and establishment of the glass business. He was a young man of promising business ability and an exemplary member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

  Mr. and Mrs. Clark and their daughters are influential members of the Methodist Episcopal church. On coming to Bridgeton, Mr. Clark purchased a house at 236 North Laurel Street, where he and his family still reside, he having rebuilt the house and made various other substantial improvements. He also owns several other dwelling-houses in this city. 

  CLEMENT WATERS SHOEMAKER, the proprietor of the Bridgeton Iron Works and Treasurer of the Cumberland Glass Company, was born in Elsinboro township, Salem County, N.J., on April 23, 1848. His parents were Hiram and Sarah (Waters) Shoemaker. George Shoemaker, his great-grandfather, a Hollander by birth, was the first representative of the family in this country. He was a man of prominence in Deerfield township. His son, George, Jr., the grandfather of Clement W., was born in the same township, but afterward moved to Salem County, and still later to Ohio, where he died. 

  Hiram Shoemaker, son of George, Jr., was born in 1815 in Mannington township, Salem County, and there came to maturity. He engaged in tilling the soil and also in dealing in live stock and poultry, spending his life, with the exception of two years of pioneering in Ohio, in Mannington, Salem, and Elsinboro, in Salem County. He married Miss Waters, daughter of Clement Waters, a farmer and native of Salem County, who subsequently moved to Texas and died. Mr. and Mrs. Hiram Shoemaker had eighteen children, of whom sixteen reached maturity. Eleven of this number arc now living, namely: Amanda L., the wife of John N. Miller, in Fairton, N.J.; Margaret, who married W. H. Harrison, of Moore, Pa.; William H., a resident of Camden, N.J.; Clement Waters, of Bridgeton; Missouri H., wife of Thomas H. Bowen, a prominent jeweler of Bridgeton; Louisiana, a twin sister of the preceding, became the wife of Jacob Harris, of Cinnaminson, N.J.; Hiram J., of this city; Charles H., President of Clark Window Glass Company of Bridgeton; Laura H., the wife of John M. Davidson, also of this city; Robert Elmer, President of the Cumberland Glass Company of Bridgeton; and Joanna, wife of the Hon. George O. Whitney, of Hamilton, Bermuda. The mother died at the age of forty-one, and the father in February, 1895. It is a remarkable fact in the history of so large a family that but one death has occurred in thirty-five years. 

  Clement W. Shoemaker attended school in the towns of Mannington and Elsinboro, and also went to the Quaker school in Salem; but his educational advantages were not extensive. At the age of seventeen he came to Bridgeton, and went into the store of H. B. Shoemaker, a distant kinsman. Mr. Shoemaker kept a store of general merchandise, and there the farmer's son gained his first knowledge of business. When he attained his majority, having saved a little money, he went to Pennington Seminary for six months, intending to fit himself for college, and loaning his money to be kept until he should need it to pay his expenses. Unfortunately the borrower failed, obliging Clement to leave school, and go on the farm to get another start. While on the farm his old employer offered him a good salary if he would return to the store, but he was unwilling to break his contract to work. Finally, being offered one-third interest in the business, he accepted after being released, going in on borrowed capital. There he remained six years, coming out at the end of the time with one thousand dollars in cash. He then entered the employ of Mr. E. M. Ware for one year, at a salary of twelve dollars a week. Deciding at the expiration of the year to go into business for himself, he bought out his old employer, Mr. H. B. Shoemaker, and introduced the cash system in Bridgeton, making a success of it. The first week he sold one hundred and forty-six dollars' worth of goods, and he continued driving his business to such an extent that he sold forty thousand dollars" worth of goods during the year. After managing this business two years alone, he went into the glass business, establishing a new plant with Joseph A. Clark, Isaac L. Clark, and S. M. Bassett. Mr. Shoemaker paid off his indebtedness the first year, and started his brother Charles in a store in Philadelphia. He continued to run the store in addition to the glass business for one year, when he took in his brother Elmer and William E. Cox for one year. He then gave his brother Palmer one-half interest in that enterprise, Mr. W. E. Cox retiring; and they ran the store together successfully for one year, at the end of which time Mr. Shoemaker sold his interest to his nephew, J. Warren Miller, giving his own time exclusively to the glass interest. After the first year this flourishing company were located on the wharf, near Cox & Sons; but they were burned out. Wishing to provide amply for the growth of the plant, they went out on Laurel Street, above Laurel Hill, buying a large tract of land of Charles E. Grosscup and Rachel Whitaker, building thereon a fine plant. 

  The firm then began the manufacture of rough plate glass for floors and sky-lights, together with bottles and window glass, but afterward dropped the rough glass department. The Cumberland Glass Company now make bottles, fruit and battery jars, and window glass, giving employment to over five hundred persons, having a weekly pay-roll of four thousand dollars. They manufacture for one concern over six million bottles per year. The paid-in capital of the Cumberland Glass Company is one hundred and fifty-six thousand dollars. It is next to the largest glass corporation in the State. 

  These fine results have not been attained without friction. The company has had three contests with the Union Labor Organization, neither on account of hours nor wages, but on being denied the privilege of teaching a boy the business in their own plant. In each conflict, however, they have come out victorious, Proving that they could employ whom they would. In 1887 Mr. Shoemaker organized the Clark Window Glass Company, with a capital stock of twenty-five thousand dollars, for the manufacture of window glass, building on adjoining ground. This enterprise employs about seventy-five hands, and their yearly output is thirty-two thousand boxes of glass. Mr. Shoemaker was also the organizer of the Bridgeton Iron Works, of which he is now the sole owner. In the foundry light and heavy machine castings are made, and in the machine shop fences and railings, employing a working force of thirty-five men and boys. For three years he was connected with the Crickler Machine Works, but recently sold out. Mr. Shoemaker is a stockholder in both banks, and in the Trust Company recently organized, and has been President of the Law and Order Society for one year, doing much to purify the city from speak-easies, gambling, and other evils, and their resorts. At one time he was a member of the School Board. The Shoemaker family are Methodists: and he has been largely identified with the various interests of that denomination in the city. State, and country. For twenty-eight years he has superintended the primary department of the Sunday-school of the Central Methodist Episcopal Church. He is class leader, an ex-President of the Young Men's Christian Association, and President of the Bridgeton branch of State Charities Aid Association, and member of State Executive Committee of the Young Men's Christian Association, also a member of the Executive Committee of the Young People's Society of Christian Endeavor of the State. He is a member of the Board of Trustees of Pennington Seminary, and also Trustee of Dickinson College of Carlisle, Pa. Mr. Shoemaker is a member and Director of the Preachers' Aid Society of New Jersey Conference, and a representative of the New Jersey Conference to the General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He has been earnestly active in the building of the new Fourth Central Methodist Episcopal, the Wesley Memorial, and the East Bridgeton churches. While he has spent his time and money for the good of the churches, it has also been a pleasure to help any kind of philanthropic work. When Mr. Shoemaker first came to Bridgeton he taught in the mission night school, conducted by Mrs. Mary Fithian, coming in contact with many poor people. He resolved that if it were ever possible to start a manufactory of some kind to enable these people to help themselves he would do it. In the day of his prosperity he has faithfully remembered the injunction that "unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required." 

  Mr. Shoemaker was married on May 26, 1880 to Rebecca E. Clark, daughter of Joseph A. Clark of this city. Mr. and Mrs. Shoemaker have three children — Joseph Clark, Isaac Clark, and Mary Erety. Such a life as Mr. Shoemaker's exerts an untold power of good in any community. No life is a failure which bases business sagacity on moral steadfastness.

Biographical Review Leading Citizens of Cumberland County New Jersey (Basto, Biographical Review Publishing Company, 1896)
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  May Revolutionize Glass Blowing.-A mortgage in the sum of $200,000, given by the Cumberland Glass Company to the Cumberland Trust Company, has been placed on record at the county clerk's office, in Bridgeton, N. J. Its provisions authorize the Trust Company to sell bonds of the Glass Company to the amount of the mortgage which will give the corporation a working capital of $356,000. It is understood that the company will put in a large number of bottle-blowing machines during the coming summer. Should it make a success of the venture it is probable that the hollow-ware glass trade will be revolutionized.

Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, Virginia) July 2, 1898
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PROPOSED BOTTLE TRUST;

An English Syndicate Trying to Buy
  All the Factories East of
   the Alleghenies.
_____________________________

THE DEAL INVOLVES $6,000,000

_____________________________

The Bushwick Glass Works of Brook-
  lyn and Many Concerns in New
    Jersey to be Consolidated If
      the Plan Succeeds.
_____________________________

  Negotiations for the consolidation of the green bottle glass interests of the United States east of the Alleghany Mountains, which have been in progress for nearly a year, have reached a point where a decisive result is expected within a few weeks at the latest. The prevailing opinion in trade circles is that the consolidation will be effected and that about fifteen factories will pass under the control of an English syndicate with a capital of about $6,000,000.
  The only local concern involved in the transaction is the Bushwick Glass Works of Brooklyn, of which William Brookfield is proprietor. A stock company was organized recently to conduct this factory, but Mr. Brookfield remains in full control. The concern is capitalized at $400,000, represented by $150,000 of stock and $250,000 of bonds. It has four furnaces and employs about 350 hands when in full operation.
  It was learned yesterday at the office of Mr. Brookfield, in the St. Paul Building, that he was approached several months ago by I. V. Morrison, the agent of the British syndicate which is endeavoring to bring about the proposed consolidation of interests. Mr. Brookfield declined to give a price at which he would sell the plant. Little more was heard of the matter for some time, but recently the British agent reappeared and informed Mr. Brookfield that the prospects were bright for the consumption of the deal. Mr. Brookfield has steadfastly declined to sign any option agreement, but is still willing to dispose of his plant at what he considers its fair value.
  Mr. Morrison, the agent for the syndicate, has spent the most of his time in Philadelphia, where the main offices of the principal green bottle glass manufactures are located, most of the factories being in Southern New Jersey. The agent has spent a year's time and considerable money, it is said in pushing the project and the energy and persistence which he has displayed lead those who are familiar with the negotiations to the belief that they will not be dropped now that they have proceeded so far. It is said that the manufacturers are favorably inclined toward the proposition, as there has been much cutting of prices and consequent loss of profits.
  The first efforts of the syndicate were devoted to obtaining options upon the various plants. These were secured in most cases, but they expired before the intended purchasers were ready to act. A new set of options has now been obtained, which will expire within a short time, before which it is expected the purchase will be completed.
Besides the Bushwick Glass Works, it is said that the proposed consolidation involves all, or nearly all, of the following concerns, whose works are situated in New Jersey: Bodine Glass Works Company, Williamstown; Bridgeton Glass Manufacturing company, Bridgeton; Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Company, Bridgeton; Cohansey Glass Manufacturing Company, Bridgeton; Elmer Glass Works, Elmer; Jefferis Glass Works, Fairton; More-Jonas Glass Company, Bridgeton; Moore Brothers Glass Company, Clayton; Parker Brothers Glass Manufacturing Company, Bridgeton; Salem Glass Works, Salem; S. M. Bassett Glass Company, Elmer; Whitall, Tatum & Co., Millville; Whitney Glass Works, Glassboro; Woodbury Glass Works, Woodbury.

New York Times (New York, New York) October 4, 1898
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Simple Cause of Strike

  Bridgeton, N. J., Feb. 28.--All of the hollow ware factories of the Cumberland glass works are closed and 1000 men and boys are out of work. The trouble was caused by two tending boys giving three cheers for President Hayes of the Glass Blowers' union. They were discharged and immediately the entire force of boys went out, causing a shutdown. President Hayes tried to induce the boys to return to work, but without success.

North Adams Transcript (North Adams, Massachusetts) February 28, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

  Joseph Johnson, the colored watchman at the Cumberland Glass Company's works, Bridgeton, received a letter a few days ago warning him not to go to work Saturday night, as a plot was on foot to shoot him. Johnson went to work and is still alive.

Trenton Evening Times (Trenton, New Jersey) March 22, 1899 
_______________________________________________________________________________________

The New Jersey Glassworkers.

  Millville, N. J., April 8.--Vice President Doughty, of the Green Glass Union, stated last night that the non-union glass firms which up to this point have agreed to the union scale employ over half of the glass workers of South Jersey. President Hayes and Vice President Doughty will have conferences this afternoon with officials of the Moore-Jonas company and the Cumberland Glass company, at Bridgeton. The officials of these companies have reportedly stated that they will not recognize the union. The Cohansey company yesterday refused to accept the demands presented, and their men were called out today.

Tyrone Daily Herald (Tyrone, Pennsylvania) April 8, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

  The glass workers' strike is on. The small factory of Parker Brothers, the owners of which have signed the union agreement, is the only hollow ware factory in full blast in Bridgeton. The others are idle, with the exception of the Cumberland Glass Company, which has one furnace in blast. The men working there are mostlt green hands, but there are a few journeymen who are related to members of the firm. The strikers declare that it will be impossible to fill their places. Fully 1,000 men are affected by the strike in the factories of Bridgeton alone, 500 of whom are blowers.

Trenton Evening Times (Trenton, New Jersey) April 11, 1899 
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Joined the National Union.

  Bridgeton, N. J., April 13.--The striking glassblowers of local union No. 6 of the New Eastern Glass Workers' association are now regular members of the Bottle Blowers' National union, their organization being received as a local assembly of the union last evening. The assembly has 200 members. Another assembly of the union is to be formed Saturday evening. The strikers continue orderly, but are watching closely for any men who may be brought here to take their places. Tuesday night several boys were brought here from Millville to work for the Cumberland Glass works. The boys were intercepted and induced to return.

Tyrone Daily Herald (Tyrone, Pennsylvania) April 13, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Bridgeton's Striking Glass Workers.

  Bridgeton, N. J., April 17.--Nine non-union men arrived here yesterday afternoon to take the places of strikers at the Cumberland glass works. The union officials claim that these men are not bottle blowers, and that they came here simply to get union card and money to stop work. The arrival of the men caused considerable excitement, but they were not interfered with. there are now 1,500 idle window and bottle workers. The strikers claim they are bound to win. The manufacturers are, however, firm in the refusal to grant the demands of the men.

Tyrone Daily Herald (Tyrone, Pennsylvania) April 18, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Bridgeton Strikes Orderly.

  Bridgeton, N. J., April 19.--Everything is peaceable in the glass workers' strike situation. The strikers are, however, maintaining vigilance to prevent, if possible, the further importation of men to take their places. The Cumberland Glass company expects additional men this week. It is reported that the fires in the window light factory will be drawn this evening unless the men give up their sympathy strike for the bottle blowers and return to work. There is no likelihood of the men returning to work, Many more of the strikers were sent to union factories elsewhere today.

Tyrone Daily Herald (Tyrone, Pennsylvania) April 19, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Trying to End the Glass Strike.

  Bridgeton, N. J., April 25.--A committee of business men consisting of R. W. Hunt, John Cheeman and John S Ware and Henry C. Mayhew, a glassworker, yesterday accompanied President Hayes, of the Bottle (sic) Blowers' National association, to the office of the Cumberland Glass company and there held a conference with Clement W. Shoemaker, the head of the company. The proceedings were secret. but president Hayes said after the conference that he is confident an agreement can be reached which will terminate the strike. The Cumberland company is acting solely for itself, but it is believed the other manufacturers would readily accept any agreement which would be satisfactory to the Cumberland people.

Tyrone Daily Herald (Tyrone, Pennsylvania) April 25, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

  A horse of the Cumberland Glass Company, which is used to haul non-union men to and from their work, balked yesterday and could not be persuaded to continue with his pull. The non-union men had to get out and walk, and the strikers immediately claimed the horse as one more accession to their ranks.

Trenton Evening Times (Trenton, New Jersey) May 6, 1899 
_______________________________________________________________________________________

  The Cumberland Glass Company, of Bridgeton, has put out of blast one of its hollowware factories.

Trenton Evening Times (Trenton, New Jersey) May 6, 1899 
_______________________________________________________________________________________

The Glass Blower's Strike.

  BRIDGETON, N. J. May 9--Twenty-nine non-union glass blowers arrived to work for the Cumberland Glass works in place of strikers. A committee of strikers called on the men at their boarding house, and the strikers subsequently made the claim that not one-half of the men will go to work. The newcomers are flint blowers from the west. The Cumberland company officials say they will fill up the bottle factory with blowers this week. The strikers are watching every train. There was some little disorder in front of the boarding house where the non-union men are stopping, but matters became quite upon the appearance of the police.

Middletown Daily Argus (Middletown, New York) May 9, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Bridgeton's Glass Strike.

  BRIDGETON, N. J. May 9--Twenty-nine nonunion glass blowers have arrived to work for the Cumberland Glass works in place of striking workers. A committee of strikers called on the men at their boarding house, and the strikers subsequently made the claim that not one-half of the men will go to work. The newcomers are flint blowers from the west. The Cumberland company officials say they will fill up the bottle factory with blowers this week. The strikers are watching every train.

Tyrone Daily Herald (Tyrone, Pennsylvania) May 9, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

NON-UNION MEN QUIT.

  Bridgeton, N. J., June 9.--A number of non-union glassblowers who ??? from ??? to work for the Cumberland Glass company, have been induced to leave town, their return fare being paid by the union men, The strangers were given a rough reception here, and at first made a show of resistance, but after a brief conference with the union men pickets concluded that it was best to leave.

Fort Wayne Sentinel, The (Fort Wayne, Indiana) June 9, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Strikers Win a Fight.

  Bridgeton, N. J., June 10,--There was an exciting incident here when a number of nonunion glass blowers arrived from Stroudsburg, Pa, to work for the Cumberland Glass company. The union men, who have been on strike for higher wages for some time, had pickets out, and the train was met by a big delegation of strikers. There was a hand to hand encounter, and many blows were exchanged. The nonunion men were finally prevailed upon to leave town, and the strikers paid their fares to Stroudsburg.

The Evening Democrat (Warren, Pennsylvania) June 11, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

OUTBREAK AT BRIDGETON.

Advent of Non-Union Glassblowers from Indiana causes Trouble.

  BRIDGETON, N. J., July 12.--The arrival of 15 non-union glassblowers here was the cause of an outbreak on the part of strikers and the residents are apprehensive of more serious trouble. The stranders come from Indiana on a train over the New Jersey Central.
  They were met at the station by a large crowd of strikers, who immediately stormed the train and captured the non-union men. A lively fracas ensured, during which many blows were exchanged. Manager C. H. King of Cumberland Glass Works, who was in charge of the party, was hit on the head with a brick and badly injured. The glass in the doors and the windows of the car in which the non-union men were riding were shattered and a hack waiting at the station for the mail was wrecked by the strikers in the belief that it was to take manager King to the works. The non-union men were finally induced to accompany the strikers to the latter's headquarters, where an attempt is being made to force them to leave town.

Eau Claire Leader (Eau Claire, Wisconsin) July 14, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Riotous Strikers Held For Trial.

  Bridgeton, N. J., July 18.--The hearing of 21 striking glassblowers for rioting on Thursday last, when 15 non-union blowers brought to work at the Cumberland glass works were assaulted on leaving the train, was held yesterday before Mayor Applegate. Prosecuting Attorney J. Hampton Fithian appeared for the commonwealth and former Judge John W. Westcott, of Camden, and Samuel Iredell, of Bridgeton, looked after the interests of the defendants. Twenty of the men were held to answer at court. Albert Dickinson was held in $800 bail to answer the charge of assault and battery and rioting, and the others in sums of $500 and $300 for rioting. Bail was procured for all. John Simpkins was discharged.

Tyrone Daily Herald (Tyrone, Pennsylvania) July 18, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

  The Cumberland Glass Company has obtained from Vice-chancellor Gray a rule for the striking union workmen to show cause why an injunction should not be issued restraining them from interfering in any manner with the operation of the company's large plant.

Trenton Times, The (Trenton, New Jersey) July 27, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

GLASS BLOWERS STRIKE

President Hays Gives to the Trenton Times His Version of the Injunction Proceedings.

  D. A. Hayes, president of the Glass Bottle Blowers' Association of America, visited the Trenton Times office today and made a statement in reference to the action brought in the Court of Chancery by the Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Company to restrain Mr. Hayes' association from continuing the strike in South Jersey. Said He:
"The glass bottle blowers of Bridgeton, Glassboro, Clayton, Elmer, Ferryton and Minnesota, were working for from 30 to 50 per cent less than union scale, the standard price for blowing bottles throughout the country. They were denied the right of organization. Owing to increase in numbers they began to compete with each other for employment. This competition among themselves consequently reduced wages until eventually most of them received no cash at all, but were compelled to receive their earnings out of the company store. It was a common occurrence in South Jersey, as can be shown by our affidavits, where pay envelops issued by the non-union firms of Bridgeton were usually empty. They contained two rows of figures, one denoting the amount earned, the other that dealt out of the store. These accounts were balanced, showing that the non-union blower didn't receive one cent in cash."
  "Our association commenced three years ago to organize those men. A strike was never contemplated. conditions were such that we believed a ???? secure them a standard ???? cash payments and the right of organization. These are privileges enjoyed in factories at Millville, Salem, Woodbury and Williamstown. We succeeded in organizing the factories at Glassboro, Clayton, and three at Bridgeton. The Cumberland works is one of the largest non-union plants in the country, and is continuing the struggle. It has tried every means and some of the most disreputable methods known to industrial warfare to force its former employees to its service. Having failed at every turn it has appealed for an injunction in which we believe it will fail, for, as ex-Judge Westcott said yesterday before the chancellor, "They come into a court of equity with blackened hands owing to the fact that they ????? of the State in refusing to pay their employees in cash."

ALLEGED VIOLATIONS

  "They forbid them the rights of organization, which is also contrary to the laws of the statute books of this State, and have by many efforts tried to bribe and intimidate their employees into deserting the organizations which they have recently joined."
  "These are the abuses which caused the non-union bottle blowers to go on a strike as a independent body of men on the 8th day of last April. Two weeks after they were formed into the Glass Blowers' Association."
  "If the injunction as applied for is granted we would be denied the right of free speech and the right of free assemblage in Bridgeton, New Jersey. But the granting of such injunction is improbable from the fact that no violence has been committed by any of the strikers."

Trenton Times, The (Trenton, New Jersey) August 30, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

  The Cumberland Glass company at Bridgeton, N. J., which has led the opposition to the wage demands of the Glass Blower' union, has come to terms with the union and will unionize the big bottle factories.

Daily Iowa State Press (Iowa City, Iowa) September 8, 1899 
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Boy Strikers at Bridgeton.

  Bridgeton, N. J., Sept. 27.--Another strike occurred at the Cumberland glass works last night. The boys employed there demanded the discharge of Joseph Johnson, a colored watchman. Johnson later, they charge, brutally assaulted on of the boys because he refused to leave the yard, and Johnson fired at the strikers. The boy was badly injured. Johnson left the grounds, and a constable is hunting for him. The strike of the boys forced the blowers to quit. The Cumberland recently became a union shop, after a long strike of the workmen.

Tyrone Daily Herald (Tyrone, Pennsylvania) September 27, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

THE LAW ON STRIKES.
  _____

An Important Decision by New Jersey's Vice Chancellor.

  Trenton, Dec. 15.--An important decision was rendered by Vice chancellor Reed yesterday in the case of the Cumberland Glass manufacturing company, of Bridgeton, against the Glass Blower's Association of the United States and Canada, Dennis A. Hayes, president and others. the suit grew out of the glass blowers' strike at Bridgeton last March, and which has since been amicably settled. The Cumberland Glass Manufacturing company sought to enjoin the defendants from the part they were taking in the strike.
  The vice chancellor, in his opinion, holds that a combination to strike or to induce others to strike is made lawful under a New Jersey statute, provided that the means used be those of persuasion and not coercion. In the case of the Bridgeton strike the chancellor said that it was proved that there was a large crowd in the street and that permanent guards were maintained to keep the men away form the works. this the chancellor said was coercion, and he grants an injunction against those who formed part of the crowds, but refused an injunction against Hayes, who did not advise any violence. The chancellor also refused an injunction against the Glass Blowers' association, holding that the association had the right to advise its members to strike and to pay money to those who were on strike.

Tyrone Daily Herald (Tyrone, Pennsylvania) December 15, 1899
_______________________________________________________________________________________

FIGHT OVER BOTTLES

Legal Battle Begun in the Court of Chancery.

  Counselors Francis D. Weaver and John W. Westcott, of Camden, representing the Centaur Company, of New York, manufacturers of the drug preparation known as Castoria, have secured from Vice chancellor Grey a rule requiring the Cumberland Glass manufacturing company to show cause why an injunction should not be used restraining it from making glass bottles like those in which Castoria is sold. the complainants allege that the C. W. Ling Company of New York, has been engaged in the manufacture of a similar preparation to Castoria and has given the Cumberland company an order for a large number of bottles. It is further charged that the defendant and the glass company are in a fraudulent conspiracy to injure the complainant. The rule is returnable on the 23d of this month.

Trenton Times, The (Trenton, New Jersey) January 17, 1900
_______________________________________________________________________________________

JOSEPH A. CLARK.

  Joseph Archibald Clark, founder of the Clark Glass Works, one of the most important manufacturing industries in the city of Bridgeton, New Jersey, was born at Centreton, Salem county, this state, on July 12, 1822, a son of Isaac and Rebecca (Newkirk) Clark.

  Isaac Clark, who also was a native of Centreton, spent the greater part of his life in tilling the soil and in other agricultural pursuits, and was considered one of the most practical and enterprising farmers of Centreton. For a number of years he served as the overseer of roads in that town, a position in which he proved himself efficient and trustworthy. Of the children born of his union with Miss Rebecca Newkirk two are living: Sarah, the wife of Charles Smith; and Joseph A. .Isaac Clark and his wife were consistent members of the Methodist Episcopal church of Centreton, in which he held various offices, among them that of class-leader.

  Their son, Joseph Archibald, received a good, practical education; and when his school-days were ended, as his father had then retired from active labor, he carried on the homestead farm until he was twenty-two years of age. He then purchased a farm of seventy-five acres in Salem county, and there his father’s declining years were passed. In addition to that place Mr. Clark owned a large amount of other land, and was long engaged in getting out hoop-poles for the city market, having probably manufactured as many as any man in this state.

  After having successfully engaged in farming for twenty-one years, in 1867 Mr. Clark sold his farm and came to Bridgeton to reside. During the first seven years he continued in the hoop-pole business, to which he added that of lumber. his office being on Laurel street; but in I874 he sold out his interests, and in company with Mr. Basset and‘ Mr. Shoemaker started in the manufacture of glass. For two years they were on Water street; but at the end of that time their business had increased so that larger quarters were necessary, and they removed to their present stand, where they have continued to do a very successful business under the style of the Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Company, making a specialty of bottles of various kinds. The Window Glass Company has since been formed, of which Mr. Clark is also a partner; and although it is the latest company of this description that has been organized in Bridgeton, it gives employment to a larger number of people than any other here.

  In March, I848, Mr. Clark was joined in marriage with Miss Mary Loper, of Cumberland county. Two of their children are living, namely: Rebecca. the wife of C. W. Shoemaker; and Josephine R., who is at the parental home. Their son, Isaac L., who lived to be but thirty-four years of age. was associated with his father in the hoop-pole and lumber business, and was afterward one of the leaders in the organization and establishment of the glass business. He was a young man of promising business ability and an exemplary member of the Methodist Episcopal church.

  Mr. and Mrs. Clark and their daughter are influential members of the Methodist Episcopal church. On coming to Bridgeton, Mr. Clark purchased a house at 236 North Laurel street, where he and his family still reside, he having rebuilt the house and made various other substantial improvements. He also owns several other dwelling-houses in this city.

Biographical, Genealogical and Descriptive History of the First Congressional District of New Jersey Volume 1 (New York, Lewis Publishing Company, 1900)
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  The Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Co has brought suit against Moses H. Kluber, of this city, to recover $1,095.29 on a promissory note and interest from October 1st, 1894.

Sandusky Daily Star (Sandusky, Ohio) May 30, 1901
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  BRIDGETON--Six out of the eight shops at the window glass works of the Cumberland Glass company, at Bridgeton, went to work yesterday. They resumed at the same price agreed upon at the starting in last fall.

Trenton Times, The (Trenton, New Jersey) February 26, 1902
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  BRIDGETON--Six shops went out last night at the Cumberland Glass Works on account of the boys being enticed over the Morgan Glass Works to be apprentices.

Trenton Times, The (Trenton, New Jersey) April 18, 1902
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Glass Works Burned

Publishers' Press Dispatch.
  BRIDGETON, N. J., May 7.--Fire Destroyed the main factory of the Cumberland glass works this morning. Bottle furnaces Nos, 4, 5 and 6 were ruined, throwing 250 men out of employment. The loss is $40,000; half insured. The company will rebuild immediately.

New Castle News (New Castle, Pennsylvania) May 7, 1902
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DOESN'T MIND LITTLE THING THING
LIKE A FALL DOWN DOWN A SHAFT

  BRIDGETON, N. J. Jan. 5.-After falling from the first floor to the base basement of a building down an elevator shaft, surrounded by six large molds and and a hand truck, J. Oscar Mulford, an employee of the Cumberland Glass Company sprang to his feet and laughed when workmen ran to pick up his mangled corpse.
  Mulford wheeling the hand truck laden with molds, had attempted to place them upon the elevator. His view was obstructed but he thought the car to be In its proper position. Instead it had stopped at the floor above, and he with the truck and molds fell headfirst into the shaft. His face was scratched and bruised but he didn't mind that.

The Washington Times (Washington, District of Columbia) January 5, 1906
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  BRIDGETON-Judge Royal P. Tuller has rendered his decision in the appealed case against the Cumberland Glass company and the Richard M. More Glass company of Fairton, charged with polluting the Cohansey river.
The judge decides in favor of defendant companies. He bases his decision on the ground that the Cohansey is not part of the fresh waters of the state, which the act of legislature covers, but is an arm of the sea with the tide ebbing and flowing.

Los Angeles Herald (Los Angeles, California) August 28, 1909
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ASKS RECEIVER
   FOR GLASS PLANT
   __

  Trenton, Aug. 28.--Mrs. Sarah Allen, Bridgeton, N. J., today filed a bill in court of chancery applying for a receiver for the Cumberland Glass Manufacturing company of that place.

The Daily Review (Decatur, Illinois) August 28, 1909
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ASKS RECEIVER FOR GLASS CO.
  _________

Woman Stockholder Alleges Mis-
    management of Jersey Concern.

  TRENTON, N. J., Aug. 28.--Charging that the affairs of the company have been mismanaged, Mrs. Sarah Allen of Bridgeton, N. J., a minority stockholder, filed a bill in the Court of Chancery today for a receiver for the Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Company of the place. In the bill she places the assets of the company at $968,000 and the liabilities at $2,018,500. She alleges that the company has been in the control of clement W. Shoemaker, R. Elmer Shoemaker and Joseph A. Clark, who own the majority of the stock.
  She charges that from November 10, 1902, the company has been mismanaged by Clement W. Shoemaker, its general manager and treasurer, and that it acquired control of the George Jonas Glass Company and the More-Jonas Glass Company, its principal competitors. In detail the assets and liabilities of the Cumberland are gives as follows:
  Real estate and improvements, $320,000; capital stock More-Jonas Company, $80,000; capital stock George Jonas Glass Company, $97,000; capital stock Bridgeton Glass Company, $6,000; glassware and materials on hand, $200,000; good bock accounts, $100,000; horse, blowing machines and tools, $15,000. The liabilities are stated to be as follows: Mortgage bonds, $1,000,000; bills payable outstanding, $400,000; book accounts due and payable, $60,000; deferred interest on bonds, $87,000; drawbacks due blowers, $40,000; capital stock issued, $231,000.

The New York Press (New York, New York) August 29, 1909
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GLASS BOTTLES:
.....
Cumberland Glass Mfg. Co..........................Bridgeton.........Cumberland
.....

Garrison, Winton C.; The Industrial Directory of New Jersey (Camden, S. Chew & Sons Co., 1909)
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SHOEMAKER The name of Shoemaker SHOEMAKER belongs to that numerous class of surnames which are derived from the trades and professions, and as is the case with the families bearing similar cognomens, there are in all countries many persons bearing the same name yet in no way related to each other, so also in the present instance, there are quite a number of families of Shoemaker, whose common origin is either not traceable or is lost in the obscurity of the past of long ago.

(I) Henry Shoemaker, founder of the family at present under consideration, was born in Holland, somewhere about the year 1740 or 1745, and emigrated to this country about the time of the revolution, when he settled in Deerfield township, Cumberland county, New Jersey, where he seems to have become a man of considerable prominence and influence, and left, when he died, a son George.

(II) George, son of Henry Shoemaker, was born about 1775 or 1780, in Deerfield township, Cumberland county, New Jersey. After reaching his majority he removed into Salem county, where he remained for some time, finally settling in Ohio, where he died. Among his children was Hiram.

(III) Hiram, son of George Shoemaker, was born in Salem county, New Jersey, about 1815. When his father removed to Ohio, he accompanied him and remained a short time, when he returned to New Jersey and married Sarah Ann, daughter of Clement Remington Waters, of Sharpstown, Salem county, born 1821, who bore him eighteen children: 1. Amanda L., married John N. Miller, of Salem county. 2. Harriet Emma, died at the age of sixteen years. 3. Gervuda. 4. George Henry, died in infancy. 5. Margaret B., married (first) Owen S. Proud, of Salem City; (second) William H. Harrison, of Moore, Delaware county, Pennsylvania. 6. Sarah J., married J. Frank Foster, of Salem City. 7. William Hitchner, married Anna, daughter of Jacob Mitchell, of Salem City. 8. Clement Waters, mentioned below. 9. Missouri H. 10. Louisiana C., (twins) who were named for the states. Missouri H. married Thomas H. Bowen, formerly of Salem City, now of Bridgeton, New Jersey. Louisiana C. married Jacob Harris, who lives near Riverton, Burlington county. 11. Hiram J., married Eva, daughter of Joseph Burt, of Bridgeton. 12. Rachel Waters, married Elijah J. Snitcher, M. D., of Salem City. 13. Charles H., married Rebecca Lowe, of Camden, New Jersey.

14. Mary Emma, died at the age of six years.

15. George Henry, died in infancy. 16. Laura, married John Davidson, of Salem, New Jersey. 17. Robert Elmer, president of the Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Company of Bridgeton, New Jersey; married Mary Hewlings. 18. Joanna H., married Hon. George O. Whitney, of the island of Bermuda, who was at one time a member of the parliament of Great Britain.

(IV) Clement Waters, son of Hiram and Sarah Ann (Waters) Shoemaker, was born on a farm in Elsinboro township, Salem county, New Jersey, April 23, 1848, and is now living at Bridgeton, Cumberland county. During his early years he had but little educational advantages. For a time he attended the public schools in Elsinboro, then attending for a few terms the Friends' School at Salem City. When he was about seventeen years old he entered the store of H. B. Shoemaker, who was a distant relative, where he dealt in general merchandise and gained his first knowledge of business. While here he also attended some of the classes of the West Jersey Academy at Bridgeton. When reaching his majority he found he had saved a sufficient sum to enable him to enter Pennington Seminary, New Jersey, where he remained for six months preparing himself for future usefulness. He had, however, left his money in other hands to be kept until he should require it, and the man failing, he lost his savings and was obliged to leave the seminary and take up work on a farm in order to make a new start in life. His former employer, H. B. Shoemaker, offered him a one-third interest in the business. He obtained his employer's consent to the canceling of his agreement, and after his release, borrowing the necessary capital, he entered into partnership with Mr. Shoemaker. This partnership continued for six years and when it was dissolved he found himself with a capital of one thousand dollars to his credit. For the next year he worked in the employ of E. M. Ware, at a salary of twelve dollars a week, and then decided to go into business for himself. He bought the establishment of his former partner, H. B. Shoemaker, and introducing the cash system of trading into his business and into the city of Bridgeton, he at once began to meet with success. He continued this business for two years, when he entered into partnership with Joseph A. Clark, Isaac L. Clark and Samuel M. Bassett, establishing a new plant for glass making, in addition to his mercantile enterprise. He later sold out his interest in the grocery store to his nephew, J. Warren Miller, and gave his attention exclusively to the manufacture of glass. This business had become a co-partnership business in 1880, and in 1885 it was made into a corporation with his brother Robert Elmer as president, and himself as treasurer. During the first year of its existence it was located on the wharf near Cox & Sons, Bridgeton, but the factory having burned down, the firm bought a large tract of land on Laurel street, above Laurel Hill, from Charles E. Grosscup and Rachel Whitaker, and built there a large plant for the manufacture of rough plate glass for floors and skylights, and also for the making of bottle and window glass. Some time afterwards the manufacture of the rough glass was discontinued and the Cumberland Glass Company, as the corporation was now known, began the manufacture of fruit and battery jars. The company is now as it has always been doing a flourishing and successful business. It employs about one thousand men when running to its full capacity, and its payroll amounts to upwards of $600,000 a year. Later he organized the Bridgeton Iron Works, of which he is one of the owners, which is engaged in making foundry castings for light and heavy machinery. It employs about thirty-five men and boys. Mr. Shoemaker is recognized as one of the most public-spirited and philanthropic men in Bridgeton. He has established free beds in the Methodist Episcopal Hospital, of Philadelphia, for his employees, and one for the graduate nurses of the same institution. He has also established a permanent fund, the interest of which is used for prizes in penmanship, for the best English composition and the best record for spelling in the Bridgeton public schools, for contest in oratory between the Bridgeton, Millville and Vineland high schools. He is an expresident of the Law and Order Society of Bridgeton, which is and has been doing so much to purify the city from the gambling dens and other evils which exist. He is a director in many financial institutions among which should be mentioned the Cumberland National Bank, the Cumberland Trust Company of Bridgeton, the H. K. Mulford Company of Philadelphia, the Vineland Grape Juice Company of Vineland, New Jersey, and the Bridgeton City Hospital. He is also a trustee of the Central Methodist Episcopal Church of Bridgeton, of the Pennington Seminary, of the Methodist Episcopal Hospital of Philadelphia, and of the New Jersey Children's Home Society of Trenton. He served as president of the Sunday School Teachers' Association of Cumberland county, is a member of the Sons of the American Revolution. At one time he was a member of the school board. He served for over thirty years as superintendent of the primary department in the Sunday school of the Central Methodist Episcopal Church of Bridgeton, was also one of the class leaders for several years, and an ex-president of the Young Men's Christian Association. He has also been a member of the state executive committee of the Young Men's Christian Association. At one time he was a trustee of Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and has been a representative of the New Jersey conference to the general conference of the Methodist Episcopal church.

Clement Waters Shoemaker married, May 28, 1879, Rebecca Ellen, daughter of Joseph A. Clark, of Bridgeton. Their children are:

1. Joseph C.. graduate of Princeton University, class of 1904; manager of the Boston office of the Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Company; .married Nina, daughter of Ernest L. Mulford, of Cedarville, Cumberland county.

2. Isaac Loper, graduate of Princeton University, class of 1906; assistant superintendent of the Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Company; married Ruth Anna, daughter of Elam Eisenhower, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and has one child, Ruth Anna. 3. Mary Erety, a graduate of Dana Hall, Wellesley, Massachusetts, class of 1909.

Lee, Francis Bazley; Genealogical and Memorial History of the State of New Jersey (New York, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1910)
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Cumberland Glass Mfg. Co., glass goods. Employs 1,100 persons

Garrison, Winton C.; The Industrial Directory of New Jersey (Trenton, State Gazette Publishing Co., 1912)
_______________________________________________________________________________________

GLASS BATTERY JARS-
Cumberland Glass Mfg. Co..........................Bridgeton.........Cumberland
.....

GLASS BOTTLES-
.....
Cumberland Glass Mfg. Co..........................Bridgeton.........Cumberland
.....

GLASS CARBOYS-
.....
Cumberland Glass Mfg. Co..........................Bridgeton.........Cumberland
.....

GLASS FRUIT JARS-
.....
Cumberland Glass Mfg. Co..........................Bridgeton.........Cumberland
.....

GLASS (WINDOW)-
Cumberland Glass Mfg. Co..........................Bridgeton.........Cumberland
.....

Garrison, Winton C.; The Industrial Directory of New Jersey (Camden, S. Chew & Sons Co., 1912)
_______________________________________________________________________________________

MUST PAY FOR INJURING ANOTHER'S BUSINESS

  WASHINGTON, May 10.=The Supreme Court today affirmed a decision of Maryland courts awarding damages to Charles DeWitt & Co., of Baltimore, against the Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Company of Bridgeton, N. J., based on the latter's action in inducing the Mallard Distilling Company to cancel a large contract for glass demijohns and flasks, which had been awarded to DeWitt & Co.

Evening Public Ledger (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) May 10, 1915
_______________________________________________________________________________________

GLASS BATTERY JARS-
.....
Cumberland Glass Mfg. Co. The...464 Laurel St.....Bridgeton.........Cumberland
.....

GLASS BOTTLES-
.....
Cumberland Glass Mfg. Co. The...464 Laurel St.....Bridgeton.........Cumberland
.....

GLASS FRUIT JARS-
.....
Cumberland Glass Mfg. Co. The...464 Laurel St.....Bridgeton.........Cumberland
.....

Low, George C.; The Industrial Directory of New Jersey (Camden, S. Chew & Sons Co., 1915)
_______________________________________________________________________________________

GLASS BATTERY JARS-
.....
Cumberland Glass Mfg. Co. The.....................Bridgeton.........Cumberland
.....

GLASS BOTTLES-
.....
Cumberland Glass Mfg. Co. The.....................Bridgeton.........Cumberland
.....

GLASS FRUIT JARS-
.....
Cumberland Glass Mfg. Co. The.....................Bridgeton.........Cumberland
.....

GLASS VIALS-
.....
Cumberland Glass Mfg. Co. The.....................Bridgeton.........Cumberland
.....

Bryant, Lewis T.; The Industrial Directory of New Jersey (Paterson, News Printing Co., 1918)
_______________________________________________________________________________________

STRIKES AND SUITS AFFECT COAL TRADE
.........
___
MAKE $10,000,000 DEAL.
___

New England manufacturers Pool Coal Needs and Buy Mines.
___

......
Conspicuous among these industries are the General Motors Corporation...Cumberland Glass Manufacturing company...

The Charleston Daily Mail (Charleston, West Virginia) July 2, 1920
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Joseph A. Clark

  There was a gentleman who lived on Laurel Hill that showed much thrift and business sagacity, Joseph A. Clark. His house stood on the west side of the street nearly opposite Rose street, with a part of his hoop-pole business nearby, though most of it was scattered, in different parts of the county.
In those days, the hoops of barrels and especially of hogsheads were not iron but wood. The hoops were made from young, quick growing hickory saplings. These were the poles. At one of the so-called hoop-pole sheds men with drawing knives shaved off sections so that these sections would be pliable enough to bend around a hogshead. After preparation, these were tied into bundles and shipped by vessel, named for and owned by Joseph A. Clark. The volume of the business was large so that Mr. Clark was able to accumulate a considerable amount of money.

Invested at Home

  Joseph A. Clark's accumulated wealth has meant much for the industrial life of Bridgeton. Back in 1880 there was started another glass factory in Bridgeton. Their first bottle factory was on Water street just south of vine. They soon moved the factory to North Laurel street on land extending back to the New Jersey Southern Railway, now the Central Railroad of New Jersey, and enlarged the plant.
  The firm was a first called Joseph A. Clark & Co. The principal persons were Mr. Clark, with his son, Isaac, who furnished the capital; Clement W. Shoemaker, whose business sagacity had already been proven, and Samuel M. Bassett, who had the practical knowledge of glassmaking.
  The name was later changed to the Cumberland Glass Company. The business grew to large proportions. A few years ago the entire business was brought by the Illinois Glass Co., which, in turn has become the Owen-Illinois Glass Co., our largest industry.

Mulford, William C.; Historical Tales of Cumberland County New Jersey (Bridgeton, Evening News Company, 1941)
_______________________________________________________________________________________

  The Illinois Glass Co. bought the Cumberland Glass Co. on April 13, 1920, and embarked on a large modernization program.

Toulouse, Julian Harrison; Bottle Makers And Their Marks (New York, Thomas Nelson, Inc., 1971)
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Bromo-Seltzer was first sold in blue glass bottles that were manufactured by the Cumberland Glass Company, of Bridgeton, New Jersey, although one source lists Hazel-Atlas as the bottle maker. As the demand for Bromo-Seltzer grew, Cumberland was unable to meet the demand for the bottles. Captain Emerson then asked Philip I. Heuisler, his vice-president in charge of manufacturing, to organize a glass factory to make the bottles. 

Ancestry.com
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